Magnetism is a class of physical phenomena that are mediated by magnetic fields. ... Only a few substances are ferromagnetic; the most common ones are iron, nickel ... Paramagnetic substances such as aluminum and oxygen are weakly attracted to .... In a paramagnetic material there are unpaired electrons, i.e. atomic or ...
Paramagnetism is a form of magnetism whereby certain materials are weakly attracted by an externally applied magnetic field ... Even in the presence of the field there is only a small induced magnetization because only a small ... Constituent atoms or molecules of paramagnetic materials have permanent magnetic moments ...
Mar 11, 2015 ... An atom interferometer embedded in an optical cavity requires less power compared to ... an electron beam using the electric field from a charged filament [ 7]. ... Atoms stick to surfaces, they are only weakly affected by electric fields, and .... Viewpoint: Sensing Magnetic Fields with a Giant Quantum Wave.
Feb 15, 2016 ... At the next level, the ability of the atoms or molecules in the material to align ... This spinning creates a magnetic field with N and S poles, just as the ... each other and the material will not be affected by a magnetic field ... Aluminum only has a few electrons aligned, and thus it is only weakly magnetic.
Electric polarity of an atom has little to do with magnetic field. Free atoms without external ... How does a magnetic field affect the polarity of an atom? ... outer shell of electrons have a unique spin frequency, which only varies as a function ... Therefore, -as you know what a water molecule looks like (right?), it is weakly polar.
Jul 15, 1996 ... and the absolute value B of the magnetic field. Both the TOP and IP .... condensate fraction is only weakly affected by interac- tions between the ...
May 9, 2015 ... Reduced coherence times affect ... SE , whereas the Rb is only weakly affected ... of both K and Rb atoms, after a magnetic field Bz is applied.
Jun 4, 2013 ... spheric/lower chromospheric magnetic field diagnostics, the Mg I 12 µm ..... line depressions (k3 and h3) are only weakly affected by. PRD.
Nov 18, 2013 ... atom devices [11, 12] became possible which led to a new way of implementing a solid-state ... transition, we demonstrate that magnetic field mostly affects a narrow re- gion around ... leads are only weakly affected. Also we ...