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Phosphodiester bond


A phosphodiester bond occurs when exactly two of the hydroxyl groups in phosphoric acid react with hydroxyl groups on other molecules to form two ester bonds. ... Strong covalent bonds form between ...

An enzyme that attaches a phosphate group to another molecule is ...


kinase ... An enzyme that attaches a phosphate group to another molecule is called? An enzyme that attaches a phosphate group to another molecule is called? SAVE

Figure 12.3 57) in the figure above, mitosis is - Course Hero


... 12.2 Skill: Comprehension 62) What is the name of enzymes that control the ... 63) An enzyme that attaches a phosphate group to another molecule is called a ...

Phosphate Group: Definition & Explanation - Video & Lesson ...


This humble group of atoms (phosphorus surrounded by oxygen) can carry energy, ... Attach that cluster to one of the many carbon-containing molecules in our ... two of its phosphates are lost, and the remaining one attaches to another ... An enzyme called ATP synthase can use energy from the food we eat to attach the ...

Enzymes Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles ...


This can be a medium-size molecule called a prosthetic group, or it can be a metal ion (an .... Folds and clefts on the surface of an enzyme that enable attach ment to its ... A substance that interacts with another substance in a chemical reaction, .... called phosphatases typically catalyze the removal of the phosphate group ...

Basic Cell Biology


Another important theme is that single units of biological molecules (monomers) can .... Enzymes also attach to the ribosomal complex and aid in the process of ... purpose is to cleave the phosphate groups from a molecule called cyclic AMP.

Molecular Genetics Review: Polypeptides and ... - CCBC Faculty Web

faculty.ccbcmd.edu/~gkaiser/welcome_class_info/Softchalk Prints/Molecular Genetics Review/Molecular Genetics Review.PDF

Feb 26, 2016 ... carboxyl (acid) or COOH group of another amino acid. .... Some RNA molecules called ribozymes can also be enzymes, usually .... During DNA synthesis, the enzyme DNA polymerase can only attach the phosphate group of a ...

Protein Function - Molecular Biology of the Cell - NCBI Bookshelf


Thus, antibodies attach to viruses or bacteria to mark them for destruction, the enzyme ... The selective binding of a protein to another molecule. .... Thus, hexokinase adds a phosphate group to d-glucose but ignores its optical isomer ... This maximum rate divided by the enzyme concentration is called the turnover number.

Glossary for the “Biology Worthy of Life” Project - Nature Institute


An enzyme that can attach a acetyl group to another molecule. ... The paired genes are called “alleles” and can have a differing form and ...... Attachment of a phosphate group to a molecule, which is then said to be "phosphorylated". Certain ...

Nucleic Acid


A nitrogenous base is an organic molecule containing both carbon and nitrogen atoms. ... Similarly, a nucleotide is often called a “base,” a shorthand reference to the ... ATP is composed of adenine, a ribose sugar, and three phosphate groups ... delivering energy by transferring electrons from one reaction to another.

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Glycolysis - TRANSCRIPT - the Cassiopeia Project


All of the enzyme molecules were obtained from that site and processed in ... make possible the ten steps in the breakdown of sugar – the process is called glycolysis. ... then takes the last phosphate group from an ATP molecule and attaches it to the glucose. Glucose ... fuctose1,6,biphosphate and another ADP molecule.



The input of additional energy (plus a phosphate group) "recharges" ADP into ... in the cytoplasm when an enzyme attaches a third phosphate to the ADP (both ... Usually the terminal phosphate is not simply removed, but instead is attached to another molecule. ... Adding a phosphate to a molecule is called phosphorylation .

Respiration - Garden and Plate


The first stage of cellular respiration is a ten-step process called glycolysis. It starts with a glucose molecule and ends with two pyruvate, two ATP and two ... STEP 3: Phosphofructokinase attaches a phosphate group from another ATP ... STEP 9: The enolase enzyme removes a hydroxyl (OH) group from carbon-3, and a ...