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en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thromboangiitis_obliterans

Not to be confused with Berger's disease (IgA nephropathy). Thromboangiitis obliterans, also ... The mechanisms underlying Buerger's disease are still largely unknown, but smoking and tobacco consumption are major factors associated with it. It has been suggested that the tobacco may trigger an immune response in ...

www.cdc.gov/tobacco/campaign/tips/diseases/buergers-disease.html

Almost everyone with Buerger's disease smokes cigarettes. However, Buerger's disease can occur in people who use other forms of tobacco, like chewing ...

www.hopkinsvasculitis.org/types-vasculitis/buergers-disease

The classic Buerger's Disease patient is a young male (e.g., 20–40 years old) who is a heavy cigarette smoker. More recently, however, a higher percentage of  ...

www.healthline.com/health/thromboangiitis-obliterans

Aug 11, 2017 ... Buerger's disease, or thromboangiitis obliterans, causes blockages in the ... Mayo Clinic, almost everyone with Buerger's disease uses tobacco.

www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/buergers-disease/symptoms-causes/dxc-20179162

Aug 4, 2017 ... The exact cause of Buerger's disease is unknown. While tobacco use clearly plays a role in the development of Buerger's disease, it's not clear ...

patient.info/health/buergers-disease-leaflet

Buerger's disease causes inflammation of blood vessels in legs and arms, ... in people from Bangladesh who smoke a type of home-made cigarette made from ...

emedicine.medscape.com/article/460027-overview

Aug 15, 2017 ... ... an inflammatory vasculopathy also known as Buerger disease, ... tobacco use, and disease progression is closely linked to continued use.

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2497513

Abstract. Buerger's disease is rare in the West but common in parts of Asia and the Middle East. A total of 39 patients with Buerger's disease were investigated in  ...

rarediseases.org/rare-diseases/buergers-disease

Buerger's disease, also known as thromboangiitis obliterans, is a rare disorder that, in most cases, affects young or middle-aged male cigarette smokers.