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Job rotation


... are significant benefits that may out weigh the costs involved with training employees for diversified positions. ... Dr. Patrick Coyne, Dr. Ricky Lucock et al.]  ...

Plasmids foster diversification and adaptation of bacterial ...


Nov 1, 2012 ... soil microbial communities; horizontal gene transfer; broad host range .... The recently proposed new trfA primers (Bahl et al., 2009) targeting ...... of plasmids to their hosts (Dahlberg & Chao, 2003; Sota et al., 2010). ... or long-term recurring range of conditions vs. an irregular challenge or opportunity.

Diversification of a Chimaeric Algal Group, the Chlorarachniophytes ...


Diversification of a Chimaeric Algal Group, the Chlorarachniophytes: .... ford et al. 1998) suggested that the chloroplasts have originated from a green alga. ... Chao 1994; Bhattacharya, Helmchen, and Melkonian ... alcohol (24:1 v/v), then centrifuged for 5 min at 4C. Aqueous phases were transferred into clean tubes, and.

Does Diversification Translate into Improved Livelihoods? Evidence ...


We also Shazhou An, Batu, Haerken ,Yongwei Tian, Kadeerbieke, Jianaer, Chao ... states that livelihood diversification is 'the process by which rural households construct an .... seek non-farm diversification opportunities whenever possible ( Barrett et al., 2001; Block &. Webb .... be transferred in the form of rent and bequest...

Horizontal transfer generates genetic variation in an asexual ... - PeerJ


Oct 30, 2014 ... How to cite this article Huang (2014), Horizontal transfer generates genetic variation in an asexual pathogen. ... V. dahliae strain VdLs17 (Klosterman et al., 2011) as a reference. ...... Insights into genome evolution and inter- and intra- specific diversification. .... Huang X, Ye L, Chou H-H, Yang I-H, Chao K-M.

Full Text - mBio - American Society for Microbiology


Apr 12, 2011 ... ... other is local and rapidly transferred across species boundaries to generate ... the only genomic islands present in all strains of V. cholerae (Chun J, et al., Proc. .... so relative rates of diversification can currently not be determined from ... This can be expressed by the Chao-Sørensen similarity index (15).

Rapid diversification of five Oryza AA genomes associated with rice ...


Nov 18, 2014 ... Rapid diversification of five Oryza AA genomes associated with rice adaptation. Qun-Jie Zhang,,,; Ting Zhu,,,; En-Hua Xia,,,; Chao Shi,,,; Yun-Long Liu,,; Yun .... We also annotated noncoding RNA (ncRNA) genes, including those ncRNA genes encoding transfer RNAs (tRNAs), ribosomal ...... Prasad V, et al.

Horizontal gene transfer in osmotrophs: playing with public goods ...


Sep 10, 2013 ... In this Opinion article, we propose that horizontal gene transfer (HGT) has ... Nogueira, T. et al. ... Fisher, M. C. et al. ... a kingdom of eukaryotic organisms: specialization and diversification in the fungi. ... Cavalier-Smith, T. & Chao, E. E. Phylogeny and megasystematics of phagotrophic ... Galeote, V. et al...

Eukaryotes - Tree of Life Web Project


Oct 28, 2009 ... ... 1998; Gogarten et al., 1989; Iwabe et al., 1989; Woese, 1987; Woese and Fox, 1977 ... tremendous evolutionary diversification in morphology and behavior. .... where oxidative phosphorylation and electron transport metabolism takes .... flagellates and amoeboflagellates (Cavalier-Smith and Chao, 2003).

A Dynamic Mobile DNA Family in the Yeast Mitochondrial Genome


Jun 1, 2015 ... These mitochondrial TEs experience rapid diversification by ... 1981; de Zamaroczy and Bernardi 1986; Weiller et al. 1989 ..... These suggest that the transfer of GC42 into S. paradoxus N44 and ..... Eskes R.,; Liu L.,; Ma H.,; Chao M. Y.,; Dickson L.,; et al. ..... Turk E. M.,; Das V.,; Seibert R. D.,; Andrulis E. D..

Helpful Resources

The endosymbiotic origin, diversification and fate of plastids


Journal List · Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci · v.365(1541); 2010 Mar 12; PMC2817223 .... This system probably coevolved with the transfer of a few genes to the ..... 1995; Cavalier-Smith & Chao 1997; Keeling 2001; Nikolaev et al. 2004  ...

Genomic islands: tools of bacterial horizontal gene transfer and ...


Oct 30, 2008 ... The horizontal gene transfer contributes to the diversification and ... a large variety of sizes and abundance in bacterial genomes (Dobrindt et al., 2004). ..... Transfer regulation proceeds differently in the SXT element of V. cholerae. .... reduce or repress the plasmid specific effects (Dahlberg & Chao, 2003).

Adaptive eukaryote-to-eukaryote lateral gene transfer: stress-related ...


shaping of genomes and the evolution and diversification of life. Although this .... lineages (e.g. Cavalier-Smith & Chao, 2003; Nozaki et al.,. 2007). What type of ...

The Joint Effects of Geographical Diversification to MNEs ... - JGBM


Yuang-Shiang Chao, candidate of PH. ... move to countries with relatively low cost in the factors of production in order ... (Hill et al. 1992). Conceptually, geographical diversification provides firms ..... Rugman, A.M. and A. Verbeke ( 2007), Liabilities of regional foreignness and the use of firm-level versus country- level data: A.

Methylome Diversification through Changes in DNA ...


Apr 10, 2014 ... Amino acid sequences move between TRD1 and TRD2 in the same ..... Note that, in the two strains, the half-motif is present at different TRD sites (TRD1 vs. ...... Fang G, Munera D, Friedman DI, Mandlik A, Chao MC, et al.