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The Microbiome and Butyrate Regulate Energy Metabolism ... - NCBI


May 4, 2011 ... Dallas R. Donohoe,<sup>1</sup> Nikhil Garge,<sup>3</sup> Xinxin Zhang,<sup>3</sup> Wei Sun,<sup>1</sup> Thomas M. ... it is not known whether it regulates host metabolism in a general versus tissue- specific ... as part of the Human Microbiome Project (Gill et al., 2006; Hildebrandt et al., 2009; ... Microbiota Influence Energy Homeostasis in the Colon.

The microbiome and butyrate regulate energy metabolism ... - NCBI


May 4, 2011 ... Donohoe DR(1), Garge N, Zhang X, Sun W, O'Connell TM, Bunger MK, Bultman SJ. ... not known whether it regulates host metabolism in a general versus ... effect on energy homeostasis in the colon compared to other tissues ...

Microbial Regulation of Glucose Metabolism and Cell-Cycle ... - NCBI


Sep 28, 2012 ... The proximal colon, but none of the other tissues that were tested .... There was no significant difference in the distribution of cells in early versus late S phase ..... Donohoe DR, Garge N, Zhang X, Sun W, O'Connell TM, et al.

Why a High-Fiber Diet Prevents Cancer | Science Signaling


Donohoe et al. examined the mechanistic link between a high-fiber diet and gut ... Mice fed a tributyrin-fortified diet to increase butyrate in the colon were similarly ... A. Hillhouse, K. P. Curry, S. W. Renner, A. Greenwalt, E. P. Ryan, V. Godfrey, ...

American Journal of Gastroenterology - Fiber and Functional ...


Apr 2, 2013 ... Any undigested carbohydrate that reaches the colon will be fermented (partly or ..... actually found the intake of dietary fiber to be higher in the IBS group (19 vs. ... In a systematic review and meta-analysis by Ford et al., (109) 12 trials and 591 ..... Article | PubMed |; Attaluri A, Donahoe R, Valestin J et al.

Microbial Modulation of Energy Availability in the Colon Regulates ...


Nov 13, 2013 ... (D) Representative images of GF and CONV-R proximal colon stained for GLP-1 .... than butyrate and is metabolized to butyrate in the colon (Donohoe et al., 2012 ). ..... Tremaroli and Bäckhed, 2012; V. Tremaroli, F. Bäckhed.

Microbiota modulate transcription in the intestinal epithelium without ...


Jun 24, 2014 ... Consistent with previous studies (Rawls et al. 2006; El Aidy et .... 2006; Donohoe et al. 2011; El Aidy ... Comparing across tissues (CR colon vs.

Fat, fibre and cancer risk in African Americans and rural Africans ...


Apr 28, 2015 ... African Americans have much higher colon cancer rates than rural ... in bile acid deconjugation, but Wells et al. demonstrated that there was a ..... Windey, K., De Preter, V. & Verbeke, K. Relevance of protein fermentation to gut health . ... Donohoe, D. R., Collins, L. B., Wali, A., Bigler, R., Sun, W. & Bultm...

Oncogene - Gene expression profiling of colon cancer by DNA ...


pathways) that accumulate and combine their effects (Vogelstein et al., 1988; Fearon ... 8000 genes in 50 cancer and noncancerous colon tissue samples. ..... Matei et al., 2002; Iacobuzio-Donahue et al., 2003), notably for CRC (Alon et al., ... and good versus poor prognosis tumours (Bertucci et al., 2000; Takahashi et al ., ...

Microbiota-derived lactate accelerates colon epithelial cell turnover ...


Apr 3, 2013 ... In the model of colon tumorigenesis, mice exposed to a carcinogen during .... et al. Enteral versus parenteral feeding. ... Donohoe, D. R. et al.

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Intestinal Short Chain Fatty Acids and their Link with Diet and ... - NCBI


Feb 17, 2016 ... Acetate is the most abundant SCFA in the colon and makes up more .... The SHIME (Van Den Abbeele et al., 2010) and SIMGI models .... the production of butyrate by the microbiota (Donohoe et al., 2014). ..... Different human gut models reveal the distinct fermentation patterns of Arabinoxylan versus inulin.

PDF (2 MB) - Cell


Apr 9, 2015 ... Highlights d. The mammalian colon exists in a state of relative hypoxia d .... substrate for epithelial energy homeostasis (Donohoe et al.,. 2011).

PDF (335 KB) - Cell


Aug 13, 2014 ... In a recent issue of Cell, Belcheva et al. (2014) show that ... versus pathological conditions. With a large majority of microorganisms residing in the colon, it comes as no surprise that .... HDAC inhibitor (Donohoe et al., 2012).