Pain in invertebrates is a contentious issue. Although there are numerous definitions of pain, ... The concept of nociception does not imply any adverse, subjective feeling; it is a reflex action. ....
So without nociceptors how
by Brian Tomasik First written: April 2009; last edited: 27 Apr. 2016. Summary.
For the subquestion, yes, they
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Also saying they don't have a brain like we
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Scientists, animal rights activists, and biological ethicists have long debated this
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