Pain in invertebrates is a contentious issue. Although there are numerous definitions of pain, ... The concept of nociception does not imply any adverse, subjective feeling; it is a reflex action. ....
by Brian Tomasik First written: April 2009; last edited: 4 Jan. 2017. Summary.
Aug 29, 2016
May 25, 2013
Scientists, animal rights activists, and biological ethicists have long debated this
I had a butterfly get stuck in my windshield wiper, and when I pulled ....
For the subquestion, yes, they
Nov 25, 2011
Dec 9, 2013
Sep 3, 2016