Pain in invertebrates is a contentious issue. Although there are numerous definitions of pain, ... The concept of nociception does not imply any adverse, subjective feeling; it is a reflex action. ....
So without nociceptors how
by Brian Tomasik First written: April 2009; last edited: 12 Oct. 2016. Summary.
I had a butterfly get stuck in my windshield wiper, and when I pulled ...
Dec 9, 2013
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Nov 25, 2011
Also saying they don't have a brain like we
Scientists, animal rights activists, and biological ethicists have long debated this
Aug 29, 2016
Have they got a nervous system, even if simple ... For the subquestion, yes, they