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The transistor was invented in 1947 by scientists John Bardeen, Walter Brattain and William Shockley, at Bell Teleophone Labs in New Jersey.
These three won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1956 for their research.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_transistor

A transistor is a semiconductor device with at least three terminals for connection to an electric circuit. The vacuum-tube triode, also called a (thermionic) valve, ...

www.pbs.org/transistor/album1

describes history of most important invention of the 20th century: the transistor. Also... see the television documentary hosted by Ira Flatow, airing on local PBS ...

www.sjsu.edu/faculty/watkins/transist.htm

The crucial component of an electronic device is a controllable valve that lets a weak signal control a much larger flow much as a faucet controls the flow of water  ...

spectrum.ieee.org/tech-history/silicon-revolution/the-lost-history-of-the-transistor

Apr 30, 2004 ... Photo: Texas Instruments (Teal, Shepherd, and Transistor); Morris Tanenbaum In the Beginning: Gordon Teal [left] directed the development of ...

www.nobelprize.org/educational/physics/transistor/history

Dec 19, 2002 ... The transistor is a three terminal, solid state electronic device. In a three terminal device we can control electric current or voltage between two ...

web.stanford.edu/dept/HPS/TimLenoir/SiliconValley99/Transistor/RiordanHoddeson_Inventtransistor.pdf

networks around the globe. The transistor has aptly been called the “nerve cell” of the Information Age. Actually the history of this invention is far more in-.

www.computerhistory.org/atchm/who-invented-the-transistor

Dec 4, 2013 ... On reading my recent @CHM blog “Who invented the diode?” CHM senior curator Dag Spicer pointed me to a fascinating scholarly treatise, ...

www.electronics-notes.com/articles/history/transistor/transistor-history.php

The history of the development of the transistor - how it was developed, the main names of Bardeen, Brattain, and Shockley.

www.pcmech.com/article/history-of-transistor

Jan 30, 2017 ... The transistor has come a long way over the years, and its a huge part of our computers. Here's where it came from and who helped in its ...