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The transistor was invented in 1947 by scientists John Bardeen, Walter Brattain and William Shockley, at Bell Teleophone Labs in New Jersey.
These three won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1956 for their research.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_transistor

A transistor is a semiconductor device with at least three terminals for connection to an electric circuit. The vacuum-tube triode, also called a (thermionic) valve, ...

www.pbs.org/transistor/album1

describes history of most important invention of the 20th century: the transistor. Also... see the television documentary hosted by Ira Flatow, airing on local PBS ...

www.sjsu.edu/faculty/watkins/transist.htm

The transistor was a much more elegant solution to the needs of electronics. The transistor is small and uses much, much less power than the vacuum tube.

www.nobelprize.org/educational/physics/transistor/history

Dec 19, 2002 ... The transistor is a three terminal, solid state electronic device. In a three terminal device we can control electric current or voltage between two ...

spectrum.ieee.org/biomedical/devices/the-lost-history-of-the-transistor

Apr 30, 2004 ... Photo: Texas Instruments (Teal, Shepherd, and Transistor); Morris Tanenbaum In the Beginning: Gordon Teal [left] directed the development of ...

web.stanford.edu/dept/HPS/TimLenoir/SiliconValley99/Transistor/RiordanHoddeson_Inventtransistor.pdf

networks around the globe. The transistor has aptly been called the “nerve cell” of the Information Age. Actually the history of this invention is far more in-.

www.thoughtco.com/the-history-of-the-transistor-1992547

Apr 6, 2017 ... The transistor was an influential little invention that changed the course of history in a big way for computers and electronics.

www.beatriceco.com/bti/porticus/bell/belllabs_transistor1.html

This time, however, it's the Americans under fire for falsifying history and the subject is the invention of the transistor. The received wisdom is that William ...

.ask.com/youtube?q=History+of+the+Transistor&v=U4XknGqr3Bo
Oct 3, 2014 ... Transistor http://www.cedmagic.com/history/transistor-1947.html Inertial Navigation https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Stark_Draper ...