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The transistor was invented in 1947 by scientists John Bardeen, Walter Brattain and William Shockley, at Bell Teleophone Labs in New Jersey.
These three won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1956 for their research.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_transistor

A transistor is a semiconductor device with at least three terminals for connection to an electric circuit. The vacuum-tube triode, also called a (thermionic) valve, ...

www.pbs.org/transistor/album1

describes history of most important invention of the 20th century: the transistor. Also... see the television documentary hosted by Ira Flatow, airing on local PBS ...

www.sjsu.edu/faculty/watkins/transist.htm

The transistor was a much more elegant solution to the needs of electronics. The transistor is small and uses much, much less power than the vacuum tube.

www.nobelprize.org/educational/physics/transistor/history

Dec 19, 2002 ... The transistor is a three terminal, solid state electronic device. In a three terminal device we can control electric current or voltage between two ...

spectrum.ieee.org/biomedical/devices/the-lost-history-of-the-transistor

Apr 30, 2004 ... Photo: Texas Instruments (Teal, Shepherd, and Transistor); Morris Tanenbaum In the Beginning: Gordon Teal [left] directed the development of ...

web.stanford.edu/dept/HPS/TimLenoir/SiliconValley99/Transistor/RiordanHoddeson_Inventtransistor.pdf

The transistor has aptly been called the “nerve cell” of the Information Age. Actually the history of this invention is far more in- volved and interesting than given ...

www.computerhistory.org/atchm/who-invented-the-transistor

Dec 4, 2013 ... This pattern was readily apparent in the history of the diode. ... Introduced in 1952 , Shockley's bipolar junction transistor, which was made from ...

www.cedmagic.com/history/transistor-1947.html

The transistor, which permitted the first wave of electronic miniaturization, was ... CED in the History of Media Technology ... 1947: Invention of the Transistor.

www.ideafinder.com/history/inventions/transistor.htm

The history of the transistor begins with the dramatic scientific discoveries of the 1800's scientists like Maxwell, Hertz, Faraday, and Edison made it possible to ...