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en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_Golden_Age

The Islamic Golden Age is the era in the history of Islam, traditionally dated from the 8th century .... The use of paper spread from China into Muslim regions in the eighth ... an elongated hexagon, a bow tie, a rhombus, and a regular pentagon. ... the transmutation of simple, base metals into precious ones like gold in the ninth  ...

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alchemy

Alchemy is a philosophical and protoscientific tradition practiced throughout Europe, Africa and Asia. It aimed to purify, mature, and perfect certain objects. Common aims were chrysopoeia, the transmutation of "base metals" (e.g., lead) into "noble metals" (particularly gold); the creation ... Islamic and European alchemists developed a structure of basic laboratory ...

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alchemy_and_chemistry_in_medieval_Islam

Alchemy and chemistry in Islam refers to the study of both traditional alchemy and early ... This definition of Arabic science provides a sense that there are many .... According to Jābir, in each metal two of these qualities were interior and two were ... These elements, mercury and sulfur, should be thought of as not the ordinary ...

www.answers.com/Q/Who_are_the_Islamic_scientists_who_tried_to_turn_metal_into_gold

They never did. Alchemy was abandoned because it didn't work. Some of the things that did work became chemistry. No one successfully turned lead into gold.

discovermagazine.com/2010/jul-aug/05-isaac-newton-worlds-most-famous-alchemist

Dec 28, 2010 ... ... the world's greatest geniuses struggled in secret to turn base metals into gold. ... in gold, literally—as Principe, a chemist and historian of science at ... Newton was not the only intellectual heavyweight from his era trying to make gold. ... of an eighth-century Islamic alchemist, but Newman's research turned ...

quatr.us/islam/science/ibnsina.htm

Ibn Sina also said, correctly, that scientists would never succeed in turning metals like lead or copper into gold, even though many scientists were trying to do it.

www.muslimheritage.com/article/alchemy-chemistry

... of the elements; and finally that base metals may be turned into noble ones by ... Repeatedly, Islamic scientists denounced the mixing of the occult beliefs with science. ... For him, the Divine wisdom wanted gold and silver to be rare metals to ... transmutations, warning against alchemists transforming ordinary stones into ...

explorable.com/islamic-alchemy

Islamic alchemy attempted, as many before and since, to find a Grand ... base metals into gold and find the elixir of life, were the first scientists to attempt to ...

www.muslimheritage.com/article/advent-scientific-chemistry

To Ibn Khaldun, the divine wisdom wanted gold and silver to be rare metals to .... Of course Muslim chemistry, like other sciences was heavily translated into Latin, and ... Muslim pharmacists were the first to write regular pharmacopoeia, i.e. the ... 4) Tabular, synoptic texts, whereby long texts are turned into tabular work for ...

www.history-science-technology.com/articles/articles%2012.html

Historians tried to give various reasons for this spectacular victory which was ... It is not accidental that Islamic science arose and flourished in Iraq, Persia, Syria ... The lands which were incorporated into the Umayyad Caliphate during the first ...... The popularity of alchemy as a means of transmuting base metals into gold ...