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A class action, class suit, or representative action is a type of lawsuit where one of the parties is ... In a typical class action, a plaintiff sues a defendant or a number of .... Under § 1332(d)(2) the federal district courts have original jurisdiction over ..... With the individual positions varying greatly, a political consensus could not ...


(1) prosecuting separate actions by or against individual class members would create ... For any class certified under Rule 23(b)(1) or (b)(2), the court may direct .... An action by a stockholder against certain named defendants as representatives of .... (D.Del. 1944) 53 F.Supp. 953, it appeared that the Delaware law does not ...


(D) state the time within which the defendant must appear and defend; ... Any person who is at least 18 years old and not a party may serve a summons and complaint. ... (ii) for a defendant subject to service under Rule 4(h), to an officer, a managing or general agent, ... (G) be sent by first-class mail or other reliable means.


Although a plaintiff need not identify individual class members prior to class certification, .... Rule 23(b)(2) requires not only that the defendant have engaged in a .... particular forum; and (D) the likely difficulties in managing a class action.”.


What types of class actions are not removable under CAFA? ... An individual's citizenship is based on domicile, which is not necessarily his place of ... defendants);23 (2) no defendant is a citizen of the forum state;24 (3) all ..... action was pled in a manner that seeks to avoid federal jurisdiction, (d) there is a distinct nexus.


2. The Type of Injunction That The Proposed Class Seeks Would Not Justify ... D. Even If The Purported Class Had Standing To Seek Injunctive Relief, .... the defendant or absent class members if individual actions were prosecuted in contrast ...


For example, plaintiffs may not constitutionally subject a defendant to a ... to 23(c )(2) and the discretionary notice under 23(d)(2) were intended to fulfill the .... the class predominate over any questions affecting only individual members, and.


If both plaintiffs and defendants are organised into classes, the action ... inconsistency among class actions litigated in the individual states, and provides for ... that the class could not meet the Rule 23(a)(2) (Federal Rules of Civil Procedure) ... Since the passage of the Class Action Fairness Act, 28 U.S.C. § 1332(d) (CAFA), ...


It does not, however, legally bind individuals within that juris- diction who were not ... 2. Admittedly, the decisions of the courts of one system are not binding upon the courts of ... defendant class designating a public official as the named repre- sentative ... 224 (N.D. Ohio 1942), aff'd on other grounds, 139 F.2d 128 ( 6th Cir.