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A class action, class suit, or representative action is a type of lawsuit where one of the parties is ... In a typical class action, a plaintiff sues a defendant or a number of .... Under § 1332(d)(2) the federal district courts have original jurisdiction over .... the defendants have been organized into court-approved classes, the action is ...


Plaintiff and Defendant; Capacity; Public Officers ... (E) a trustee of an express trust; ... (2) for a corporation, by the law under which it was organized; and. (3) for  ...


(E) notify the defendant that a failure to appear and defend will result in a default ... (ii) for a defendant subject to service under Rule 4(h), to an officer, a managing or general ... (G) be sent by first-class mail or other reliable means. ... a domestic or foreign corporation, or a partnership or other unincorporated association that ...


Rule 23(e)(1)(B) requires notice where the settlement binds the class through claim ... in 28 U.S.C. § 1715(a)(2) and is often the primary regulator of the defendant. .... organizations with statewide constituencies, and published in newspapers).


Volume 4 | Issue 4. Article 2. March 1975. Environmental Litigation and Defendant Class ... The policies served by res judicata include conserving judicial en- ergies and ..... Typically, they were brought against members of an organization or.


the sparse law governing defendant class action lawsuits and its potential ... representative organizations that have already commenced litigation ... 2. See letter from James E. Johnson, Under Secretary for Enforcement, Dep't of the Treasury,.


Feb 12, 2011 ... most exclusively on plaintiff class actions.2 Although there have been a handful of ... dants in defendant class action suits); Robert E. Holo, Comment, Defendant Class Actions: The .... This Article is organized into four sections.


Fourth, probation is an appropriate sentence for an organizational defendant ... to the sentencing of all organizations for felony and Class A misdemeanor offenses. ... The fine guidelines in §§8C2.2 through 8C2.9 apply only to specified types of .... (E) An individual "condoned" an offense if the individual knew of the offense ...


that defendants m ay raise in opposing class certification and class judgments. Many of the ... putative nationwide class actions, hybrid Rule 23(b)(2)/(b)(3) actions, defendant ..... is a split of authority on whether due process allows notice via e-mail. ...... remaining class recovery balance to various charitable organizations).


East Texas Motor Freight System v Rodriquez 431 U.S. 395, 975 S.Ct 1891, 52 L. Ed ..... Mallah Organization, Inc., 144 F.R.D. 37, 41 (SD NY 1992) (presence of ... on the part of defendants raises questions of law and fact common to the class).