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en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_trial_by_jury_in_England

The history of trial by jury in England is influential because many English and later British colonies, including the Thirteen Colonies which became the United States, adopted the English common law system in which trial by jury plays an important part. Many traditions, such as the number of members being twelve, originated in ... In the 12th century, Henry II took a major step in developing the jury system.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jury_trial

A jury trial, or trial by jury, is a legal proceeding in which a jury makes a decision or findings of fact, which then direct the actions of a judge. It is distinguished from a bench trial in which a judge or panel of judges makes all decisions. Jury trials are used in a significant share of serious criminal cases in almost ..... The country that originated the concept of the jury trial retains it in an unusual ...

englishlegalhistory.wordpress.com/2013/06/10/history-of-trial-by-jury

Jun 10, 2013 ... The origins of Trial by Jury, and more generally the swearing of 12 men ... 1300s, Trial by Jury became significantly more common in all trials of ...

scholarship.law.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=7842&context=penn_law_review

This is not an attempt to trace minutely the origin of trial by jury, for it would .... to the origin of the jury system, advanced by various writers and historians," and ...

law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/juryseminar/EvolutionJury.html

Estimates are that 80% of all jury trials worldwide take place in the United States . ... to interpret the meaning of the law, regardless of what the judge told them.

content.moneyinstructor.com/1810/jurytrial.html

All of the laws in this country originate from England. Thankfully, many of the laws we have today are much kinder then when they were first originated. In early ...

www.lawteacher.net/free-law-essays/common-law/definition-of-the-jury-system-law-essays.php

The jury system consists of twelve people who sit in criminal and civil events to make ... Apply common values, meaning what is “honest" or “dishonest".

www.encyclopedia.com/law/legal-and-political-magazines/medieval-origins-trial-jury

Trial by jury is the mainstay of the accusatorial system of criminal justice. Accusatorial procedure antedated the Norman Conquest [of England in 1066]. From the ...

www.mow.uscourts.gov/jury/history_of_jury_duty

Henry II regularized this type of proceeding to establish royal control over the machinery of justice, first in civil trials and then in criminal trials. Trial by petit jury  ...

www.mcleancountyil.gov/DocumentView.aspx?DID=231

developing and changing to suit the needs and social conscience of the new nation. The following history of the American jury system, the concepts of due.