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en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_trial_by_jury_in_England

The history of trial by jury in England is influential because many English and later British colonies, including the Thirteen Colonies which became the United States, adopted the English common law system in which trial by jury plays an important part. Many traditions, such as the number of members being twelve, originated in ... In the 12th century, Henry II took a major step in developing the jury system.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jury_trial

A jury trial, or trial by jury, is a legal proceeding in which a jury makes a decision or findings of fact, which then direct the actions of a judge. It is distinguished from a bench trial in which a judge or panel of judges makes all decisions. Jury trials are used in a significant share of serious criminal cases in almost ..... The country that originated the concept of the jury trial retains it in an unusual ...

englishlegalhistory.wordpress.com/2013/06/10/history-of-trial-by-jury

Jun 10, 2013 ... Trial by Jury has traditionally been seen as the cornerstone of ... The origins of… ... Following on from this in the later 1200s and 1300s, Trial by Jury became significantly more common in all trials of wrongdoing in the courts.

www.lawteacher.net/free-law-essays/common-law/definition-of-the-jury-system-law-essays.php

The jury system consists of twelve people who sit in criminal and civil events to make decisions on matters of facts. In England there is an approx...

scholarship.law.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=7842&context=penn_law_review

This is not an attempt to trace minutely the origin of trial by jury, for it would .... to the origin of the jury system, advanced by various writers and historians," and ...

law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/juryseminar/EvolutionJury.html

Estimates are that 80% of all jury trials worldwide take place in the United States . ... to interpret the meaning of the law, regardless of what the judge told them.

www.jstor.org/stable/1064053

of disputes. The jury system appeals with peculiar force to the great masses of ... by the people as the palladium of their liberties, it is, in its origin, not English but.

www.britannica.com/topic/jury

The origin of the jury is disputed. ... Consequently, the United States emerged as the home of the jury system for both criminal and civil cases; more than 90 ...

www.supremecourt.tas.gov.au/jurors/history

Apr 24, 2014 ... There is considerable uncertainty as to the origins of the jury system. It is probably that the institution of the jury may be traced from Norman ...