Free will is the ability to choose between different possible courses of action. It is
closely linked ... The underlying questions are whether we have control over our
actions, and .... Other forms ...
Here is the horse's mouth himself, Aristotle, discussing the nature of moral virtue,
... The person who is not morally virtuous is sometimes ruled by his or her ... or
doing the act one exercises, exhibits or develops a morally vicious character. ....
and intermediate dispositions--through repeated activity and experience over
Jan 15, 2003 ... The views of moral character held by Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, and the Stoics ...
place to the exercise of virtue, for virtuous traits of character are stable and ...
Someone may be overcome by anger, fear, lust, and other desires, and .....
inclinations under his (reason's) control and so to rule over himself … f...
Sep 15, 2003 ... The Philosophical Importance of Moral Reasoning ..... maximizing rationality to
his or her own preferences, an ideal moral ... Does moral reasoning include
learning from experience and changing one's mind? ... For Aristotle and many of
his ancient successors, the two are closely linked, in that someone not ...
Although Epictetus based his teaching on the works of the early Stoics (none of
which ... The eudaimonia ('happiness') of those who attain this ideal consists of ...
Someone who seeks to make progress as a Stoic (a prokoptôn) understands that
..... things over which our prohairesis (moral character) has complete control.
exercising control over our own life, including internal fears and false con-
sciousness. ... do what we want also implies being in a position to exercise
control in order ... which, according to Taylor, has to do with the idea that people
do not have .... weight to the securing of each person's right to realise him/herself
True Morality - Rational Principles for Optimal Living ... our legitimate desire for
personal happiness or offer supposedly ideal, but impractical solutions. ...
Furthermore, each individual really only controls his own morality - others can ....
We can take most responsibility for our own lives because we have most control
the problems, and the possibilities of education--written after his experience with
the .... history of educational theory is marked by opposition between the idea that
education is .... principles will not decide the way in which the moral and
intellectual preference .... the school as to give them no power of control over the
We'll have an opportunity to consider his notions about higher education later,
but ... view, it is vital for a society to exercise strict control over the content of
everything that ... Plato believed that the ideal state comprises members of three
distinct ... Finally, the appetitive soul (emotion or desire) is the portion of each...
Freud is best known for his theories of the unconscious mind, especially .... to a
full acknowledgement of his or her inability to satisfy the most basic desires. ...
themselves and their environment and judiciously exercise control over both. ...
According to Freud, people often experience thoughts and feelings that are so