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Caring for children in Europe – How childcare, parental ... - Europa


how childcare, parental leave and flexible working arrangements interact in ..... intensive and regular care is more prevalent in Southern Europe. For instance, in  ...

PF10 Public spending on childcare - OECD


Public expenditure on childcare and early educational services is all public financial ... Lower public spending on childcare in southern European countries is.

childcare choices and child development - IZA World of Labor


formal childcare are likely to have a positive impact on children's abilities and ... Norway), and central and southern European countries (Italy and Germany).

Regional family norms and child care by grandparents in Europe


Jul 13, 2012 ... grandparents as the main source of child care by European mothers. ..... Coverage rates in Eastern and Southern European countries such as ...

day-care centre | school | Britannica.com


Jun 11, 2010 ... Day-care centre, also called day nursery, nursery school, or crèche (French: ... Day-care centres were established in most European cities and industrial .... that dominated many parts of central, southern, and eastern Europe ...

Chapter 25: America Moves to the City | APNotes.net


The New Immigrants of the 1880s came from southern and eastern Europe. ... by providing services like healthcare and daycare; became centers of women's ...

The impact of child care costs and availability on mothers ... - ImPRovE


Mar 4, 2015 ... 3 Child care costs and availability: overview of empirical studies . .... In Southern European countries child care is mostly public.

The impact of child care costs and availability on mothers' labour ...


countries (e.g., Southern Europe, the UK and the U.S.) fewer than 30% attend. In the ... the results suggest that the impact of child care availability and costs are ...

Child-Care Availability and Fertility in Norway


Moreover, this positive effect of child-care availability is found at every parity ... Of course, the increases in fertility in Europe and North America after World War II ..... test” of the wider applicability of our results—to, say, southern Europe or Asia.

Family Labor Participation and Child Care Decisions: The Role of ...


Keywords: Binary choice, Female labor participation, Child care deci- sions ... In particular, Southern European countries have a lower level of social protection.

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Child Care Arrangements and Labor Supply - Inter-American ...


While Northern European countries such as Sweden,. Denmark and Norway provide universal public child care, countries in Southern Europe are.

Child-Care and Participation in the Labor Market for Married ... - IZA


connection between the married women's labor force participation, child care ... activities is highly valued by many families, especially in Southern European ...

State-of-the-art report: child care arrangements : determinants and ...


2.1 Overview of external child care arrangements in OECD countries . .... care, the analysis of child care impacts in Northern and Southern European countries,  ...