how childcare, parental leave and flexible working arrangements interact in .....
intensive and regular care is more prevalent in Southern Europe. For instance, in
Public expenditure on childcare and early educational services is all public
financial ... Lower public spending on childcare in southern European countries
formal childcare are likely to have a positive impact on children's abilities and ...
Norway), and central and southern European countries (Italy and Germany).
Jul 13, 2012 ... grandparents as the main source of child care by European mothers. .....
Coverage rates in Eastern and Southern European countries such as ...
Jun 11, 2010 ... Day-care centre, also called day nursery, nursery school, or crèche (French: ...
Day-care centres were established in most European cities and industrial .... that
dominated many parts of central, southern, and eastern Europe ...
The New Immigrants of the 1880s came from southern and eastern Europe. ... by
providing services like healthcare and daycare; became centers of women's ...
Mar 4, 2015 ... 3 Child care costs and availability: overview of empirical studies . .... In Southern
European countries child care is mostly public.
countries (e.g., Southern Europe, the UK and the U.S.) fewer than 30% attend. In
the ... the results suggest that the impact of child care availability and costs are ...
Moreover, this positive effect of child-care availability is found at every parity ... Of
course, the increases in fertility in Europe and North America after World War II
..... test” of the wider applicability of our results—to, say, southern Europe or Asia.
Keywords: Binary choice, Female labor participation, Child care deci- sions ... In
particular, Southern European countries have a lower level of social protection.