Stripped is the fourth studio album by American recording artist Christina
Aguilera. It was released on October 22, 2002 by RCA Records. Looking to
Stripped definition, having had a covering, clothing, equipment, or furnishings
removed: trees stripped of their leaves by the storm; a stripped bed ready for
Seattle! Free screening of STRIPPED, March 27th at 6PM, at Seattle's Emerald
City Comicon! Screening is immediately followed by a Q&A with cartoonists ...
Comedy ... People who liked this also liked... Static · The Monkey's Paw · Stripped
... Stripped · Chasing the Devil · Raymond Did It · sxtape · Amelia's 25th.
a. To remove clothing or covering from: stripped the beds. b. To remove or take
off (clothing or covering): stripped off his shirt. c. To remove an exterior coating, ...
2a : to remove extraneous or superficial matter from <a prose style stripped to the
bones>b : to remove furniture, equipment, or accessories from <strip a ship for ...
Stripped has 14526 ratings and 1505 reviews. Akanksha❤ Søren♰ said: I
expected a lot more from this book reading the blurb. It didn't live up according...
Mar 16, 2010 ... Song "Stripped", seventh song of the album "Black Celebration" by Depeche
Stripped (Stripped, #1) and Trashed (Stripped, #2) ... Stripped series. 2 works, 2
primary works. Stripped (Stripped, #1) by Jasinda Wilder (Goodreads Author)