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Idries Shah also known as Idris Shah, né Sayed Idries el-Hashimi (Arabic: سيد إدريس هاشمي) ... In his writings, Shah presented Sufism as a universal form of wisdom that ... he spent two or three years at the City of Oxford High School for Boys. .... The prevailing sense [among the leaders of the Gurdjieff work] that nothing must ...


The Mouride brotherhood is a large tariqa (Sufi order) most prominent in Senegal and the ... He taught, instead, what he called the jihād al-akbar or "greater struggle," .... Another aspect of influence that the religious leaders have is the material ... Due to this high proportion of groundnut crop produced by the Mouride, the ...


Sep 24, 2014 ... The mysticism that Forster et al. speaks of is undoubtedly the effects of Sufism, ... The intent of marrying Sufis, who were leaders in the East African ... on keeping in mind the different schools of thought and principles of the qadis (163). ..... conflict was a matter of “'clan A' versus 'clan B'” but after the central ...


In this article we make two basic points about the violent Salafi/peaceful Sufi ... Sufis approach God through the intercession of religious leaders and saints. ..... This is what Woodward (et al) have described as the “domestication” of Salafism.[ 34] ... He was educated in traditional Islamic schools in Nigeria and developed his ...


Under the ornate arches of the Bab El Makina on a balmy June night in Fes, .... religious leaders has become part of the current repertoire of the majority of ..... the high school student cited above is somewhat disappointed by Sant Yalla. ..... genetique de I'egyptien pharaonique et des langues negro-africaines (Dakar, Les ...


Aug 17, 2017 ... Consequently, Sufi shrine culture, supported enthusiastically by common ... Ahmad al-Badawi, also called Sayyid al-Badawi because of his presumed ... Overcoming challenges from other religious leaders, he won over a great ... satisfaction in Sufi scholarship rather than in the formal school system.


"Sufism." In The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. ... both proponents and opponents of Sufism, and this is reflected in the primary and secondary ... Ṣūfīs. Being a Ṣūfī has nothing to do with the Sunnī- Shīʿī split, nor with the schools of jurisprudence. ..... Lewisohn, Leonard, et al., eds.


[3] The last actual shaykh in the family was Muhammad Fariz al-Kaylani, ... as its leaders maintain, in modern times people have neither the leisure nor the ..... Members of this organization run highly appreciated private schools in Syria, and it ... technology, the foundation also supports students of high-status professions,  ...


Without your leadership and advice my research would not be possible. I also .... All those interviewed had at minimum a high school education and nine of the ... Morocco in general, versus simply the subset of educated, university-aged Rabat youth. ...... less” that Sufism protected youth from extremism (Bekkaoui et al. 17).