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A marabout is a Muslim religious leader and teacher in West Africa, and ( historically) in the Maghreb. The marabout is often a scholar of the Qur'an, or religious teacher. Others may be wandering holy men who survive on alms, Sufi Murshids ("Guides"), or leaders of religious communities. ... talibes at Qur'anic schools, or distinguished religious leaders and scholars, ...


The Mouride brotherhood is a large tariqa (Sufi order) most prominent in Senegal and the ... He taught, instead, what he called the jihād al-akbar or "greater struggle," .... Another aspect of influence that the religious leaders have is the material ... Due to this high proportion of groundnut crop produced by the Mouride, the ...


Oct 4, 2013 ... The Nonprofit Corporations Operating Charter Schools Are Deemed to be Private . Entities under the law of California . .... Sufi v. Leadership High School (2013). U.S. Dist. Lexis 94232. .... Code §5110 et seq.


International School for Social and Business Studies, Slovenia ... communication, and improves management and leadership in a company (Musek Lešnik ... Campbell and Tawadey (1992, in Sufi & Lyons, 2003) note that “mission statement is made ... In Bain & Company 1996 research (Bart et al., 2001) managers perceive ...


Sufism can be described broadly as the intensification of Islamic faith and ... and opponents of Sufism, and this is reflected in the primary and secondary ... a Ṣūfī has nothing to do with the Sunnī-Shīʿī split, nor with the schools of jurisprudence . .... Ibn al-ʿArabī made a similar point when he said that if Muslims had been left  ...


In this article we make two basic points about the violent Salafi/peaceful Sufi ... Sufis approach God through the intercession of religious leaders and saints. ..... This is what Woodward (et al) have described as the “domestication” of Salafism.[ 34] ... He was educated in traditional Islamic schools in Nigeria and developed his ...


Without your leadership and advice my research would not be possible. I also .... All those interviewed had at minimum a high school education and nine of the ... Morocco in general, versus simply the subset of educated, university-aged Rabat youth. ...... less” that Sufism protected youth from extremism (Bekkaoui et al. 17).


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May 12, 2016 ... ... who's-who of Anaheim liberal leaders—Anaheim Union High School District ( AUHSD) superintendent Mike Matsuda, trustee Al Jabbar, and Jose Moreno, a former Anaheim City School ... a 74-year-old Sufi-inspired scholar and one-time ally, of being a terrorist ... Premium Seating: Los Angeles Angels v.


attempted to use 'Abd al Qad ī r's name for political purposes after his capture. As John ... War II, with a goal of establishing backing from Sufi leaders during ... the closing of religious and worldly schools run by the zaouias, preven- .... [v]isiting Algeria in 1989 and 1990, we were struck by the way in ...... 10 Khemissi et al.