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Neuron - Wikipedia


A neuron is an electrically excitable cell that processes and transmits information through electrical and chemical signals. These signals between neurons occur via synapses, specialized ... A typic...

A&P 1: Final Exam Flashcards


Dec 4, 2010 ... signals from other neurons are received at junctions called: Definition. synapses. Term. The area where the axon emerges from the soma is called the: ..... receives information from the cerebrum and cerebellum, issues subconscious ... on sensory information and stored memories of previous experiences.

Neurons - National Library of Medicine - PubMed Health - NCBI


The basic working unit of the nervous system is a cell called a neuron. ... a message from another neuron, it sends an electrical signal down the length of its axon. ... In this way, different parts of the brain can "talk" to each other as well as work ...


leavingbio.net/the nervous system_files/the nervous system.htm

The two major parts of our nervous system are the central nervous system (CNS) and ... They carry information or impulses as electrical signals from one place to another in the body. ... Sensory neurons are also called afferent neurons. .... When a neuron receives a stimulus of sufficient strength the electrical current moves ...

Neurons | Noba


Much like words, brain cells, called neurons, have an underlying structure that provides ... Right: Golgi-stained cortex of a 1 1/2 month old infant. ... For example, a very common Nissl stain labels only the main part of the cell (i.e., the cell ... the electrical conductance that occurs within a single neuron when it receives signals ...

The Neuron


A typical neuron has all the parts that any cell would have, and a few specialized ... Neurons have a large number of extensions called dendrites. ... transmit an electro-chemical signal to other neurons, sometimes over a considerable distance.

Overview of neuron structure and function | The neuron and nervous ...


Sensory neurons bring signals into the CNS, and motor neurons carry signals .... depends on the sum of all of the excitatory and inhibitory signals it receives. ... The axon arises from the cell body at a specialized area called the axon hillock.

Neuron Diagram & Types | ASU - Ask A Biologist


Axon: a long thick projection in nerve cells that sends electrical signals out away from the cell body. more. ... Neuron: a special cell which is part of the nervous system. ... From there, the signal travels to the main cell body, known as the soma .

Introducing the Neuron - Boundless


Neurons are specialized cells that transmit chemical and electrical signals to ... small protrusions called dendritic spines, which further increase surface area ... This is the basic chain of neural signal transmission, which is how the brain sends ...

Nerve Cell Structure: The Parts of the Neuron - Bright Hub


Apr 15, 2013 ... A neuron is composed of the soma, dendrites, axon and axon terminal. ... the signal is handled by a part of the axon known as the Schwann cell. ... The axon terminal receives the signal from the rest of the neuron and sends it ...

More Info



The part of the neuron that contains the nucleus and carries out the neuron's ... that transmits signals to the dendrites or cell body of the other neurons or to ... to the opiates; The brain produces opiate like substances known as endorphins.

Chapter 2


Dendrite – branches that receive information from other neurons & transmits information toward the cell body ... 1) Which part of the neuron receives messages from other cells? a) Axon c) Soma ... Need cells a few days old. • Abortion clinics.

Neuron - Biology Encyclopedia - cells, body, function, human ...


They do this using electrical signals called nerve impulses or action potentials . ... First, a neuron receives information from the external environment or from other ... The cell body (soma) is the enlarged portion of a neuron that most closely ...