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Mamluk

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mamluk

... in medieval Egypt that rose from the ranks of slave soldiers who were mainly Turkic, .... control over Iraq, they also relied on the military slaves called Ghilman.

The Mamluks - Medieval Islamic History - Quatr.us

quatr.us/islam/history/mamluks.htm

The Mamluks were originally slave boys of the Abbasid caliphs of the Islamic Empire (the ... Muslims as slaves and brought them up to be Sunni Muslim soldiers in a slave army. ... was arrested and then killed, and the Mamluks got control of Egypt and Syria. The Mamluk sultans who came after Aybak were called the Bahris.

The Rise of the Turks and the Ottoman Empire

www.shsu.edu/~his_ncp/Turkey2.html

Known as gazis (warriors of the Islamic faith), the Turkish horsemen were organized ... at the head of an army composed of gazis and Mamluks (slave- soldiers, ... "Lion Hero")--prepared for a campaign against the Shia Fatimid caliphate in Egypt. .... Officially the sultan was called padishah (Persian for high king or emperor).

Who Were the Mamluks - Asian History - About.com

asianhistory.about.com/od/glossaryko/g/Who-Were-The-Mamluks.htm

Jun 18, 2015 ... The Mamluks were a class of warrior-slaves, mostly of Turkic or ... every ruler of the Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt and Syria (1250-1517). ... Rulers valued their slave-warrior armies because the soldiers often ... Christian boys from Circassia as slaves, a process called devshirme, and train them as Janissaries.

www.ask.com/youtube?q=Turkic Slave Soldiers in Egypt Were Called&v=IiD3eiCRoDw
Dec 29, 2013 ... The mamluk slave-troops were foreigners of the lowest possible status ... The Fatimids of Egypt bought Armenian, Turkic and Sudanese slaves, who ... control over Iraq, they also relied on the military slaves called Ghilman.

Race and Slavery in the Middle East - Internet History Sourcebooks ...

legacy.fordham.edu/halsall/med/lewis1.asp

The earliest slaves, it would seem, were captives taken in warfare. ... Talmud, that they too were slaves in Egypt and should therefore treat their slaves decently. .... In what might be called civil matters, the slave was a chattel with no legal ..... In the East, slave soldiers were recruited mainly among the Turkish and to a lesser  ...

Slavery in Ottoman Egypt - The University of Texas at Austin

www.utexas.edu/cola/hemispheres/_files/pdf/slavery/Slavery_in_Ottoman_Egypt.pdf

originally from the Turkic tribes of the Caucasus and Central Asia. ... and sold, and they held important positions in the army and served as the ... For most of the 19th century, the majority of slaves imported into Egypt were women. .... that women do, from what are called in Europe maids of honor, or [just] maids, to cooks…

Military Slavery in the Islamic World - Medieval Mediterranean Slavery

med-slavery.uni-trier.de/publications/Amitai.pdf

social and even cultural history of the region from Central Asia to Egypt, and per- ... Now the slave soldiers, or ghilman, as they were then usually called, became the mainstay of the army, and the caliph built a new capital, Sa- marra', to house ... Turkish slave soldiers was that the loyalty of already existing military formation...

Epic World History: Mamluk Dynasties in Egypt

epicworldhistory.blogspot.com/2012/06/mamluk-dynasties-in-egypt.html

The first 24 Mamluk sultans were called the Bahri (river) rulers. ... The Mamluks, mostly of Turkish and Mongol origins, were slaves and professional soldiers.

SIDE TRIP TO MAMLUKS - The Travels of Ibn Battuta

ibnbattuta.berkeley.edu/sidetrips.html

These Turkish cities were becoming more Muslim and more Persian than ever before. ... SIDE TRIP TO MAMLUKS (Mamluk Sultanate in Egypt, 1250–1517) ... The shaikh Shinab al-Din had called the Sultan Muhammad Tughluq an oppressor .... She took with her the following: 5500 troops (200 of which were slaves), two ...

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Turkic slave soldiers in Egypt were called - Answers.com

www.answers.com

Why did Egypt have slaves? Egypt didn't actually have a lot of slaves. Most of their slaves were from wars. It was standard practice back then to have slaves and ...

Military Slaves: A Uniquely Muslim Phenomenon :: Daniel Pipes

www.danielpipes.org

Nov 18, 2000 ... Slave soldiers were introduced sometime in the fourteenth century ... Egypt as well, culminating in 868 when the son of a Turkish military slave, Ahmad b. ..... Vandal, and Burgundian kingdoms; they were called ministeriales in ...

Military Slavery System of Ancient Arabs and Turks | Bipin Shah ...

www.academia.edu

This first Turkic Gokturk dynasty collapsed in 581 AD, and fifty years later ... These slaves were the “soldiers of fortune” or in modern terms “Bonded Mercenaries”. ... Turks and they were called under many different names by different people, ..... The Mamluk soldiers burned the ancient library of Alexandria , Egypt that was a .....