Protein biosynthesis is the process whereby biological cells generate new
proteins; it is balanced by the loss of cellular proteins via degradation or export.
Translation, the assembly of amino acid...
Assembly of a protein molecule according to the code in a mRNA molecule? ...
Molecules carry protein assembly instructions from the nucleus to the cytoplasm?
Rather, the translation of mRNA into protein depends on adaptor molecules that
can .... We have seen that, to read the genetic code in DNA, cells make a series
of ..... According to this idea, correct matches have a narrowly defined affinity for
.... as polysomes), large cytoplasmic assemblies made up of several ribosomes ...
Every protein of an organism is made from information contained in RNA
molecules, which are made according to a template based on a sequence of ...
The 2 strands of the DNA molecule are temporarily split by enzymes which ...
Transcription: RNA made according to base sequence in DNA ... amino acids
one by one in the correct order for assembly into the protein. ... A different
combination of 3 mRNA bases, also called a triplet, codes for each one of the 20
Translation is the actual synthesis of a protein under the direction of mRNA. ...
role of the ribosome is to catalyse coupling of amino acids into protein according
to the sequence specified by the mRNA. The amino acids are brought to the
ribosome by tRNA (transfer RNA) molecules. ... This is referred to as the genetic
... the instructions for the order of assembly of amino acids to make proteins. ...
These discrete units of DNA that contain code for the creation of one protein are
called genes. ... The process of constructing a mRNA molecule from DNA is
known as ... codon reading GUU would encode for a valine (Val) according to this
RNA - similar to DNA, but less stable (the extra oxygen in the molecule makes it
... The completed assembly of transcription factors and RNA polymerase bound
to ... the same code in the formation of protein; mRNA bases read as triplets (
codons). ... to a complementary triplet on the mRNA according to the base-pairign
First of all, they are decomposed into smaller molecules called amino acids. ...
The protein will be produced according to the information in this RNA, which has
been ... Each code in the DNA is made up of three bases called a codon, and ...
The tRNA that arrives at the ribosome aligns along the mRNA transcript at the ...
A protein is a chainlike molecule built of subunits of smaller molecules called
amino acids. ... A sequence of three nucleotides in mRNA codes for each amino
acid. ... This assembly of amino acids to form a protein, in a sequence specified