Protein biosynthesis is the process whereby biological cells generate new
proteins; it is balanced by the loss of cellular proteins via degradation or export.
Translation, the assembly of amino acid...
Assembly of a protein molecule according to the code in a mRNA molecule? ...
Molecules carry protein assembly instructions from the nucleus to the cytoplasm?
Proteins are synthesized from mRNA templates by a process that has been ... by
three bases (a codon) in the mRNA, according to a nearly universal genetic code.
... of RNA molecules (mRNA templates, tRNAs, and rRNAs), as well as various
proteins ... Although ribosome assembly in vivo (particularly in eukaryotic cells) is
1 Translation: The Synthesis of protein; 2 tRNA (Transfer RNA); 3 Ribosome ... a
specific polypeptide according to the rules specified by the trinucleotide genetic
code. .... Kozak consensus sequence on an mRNA molecule is recognized by the
ribosome as ... Initiation of translation in prokaryotes involves the assembly of the
Translation is the actual synthesis of a protein under the direction of mRNA. ...
role of the ribosome is to catalyse coupling of amino acids into protein according
to the sequence specified by the mRNA. The amino acids are brought to the
ribosome by tRNA (transfer RNA) molecules. ... This is referred to as the genetic
The cell makes a copy of the DNA in the form of an RNA molecule. ... How can a
code with four letters identify 20 different amino acids? ... Once in the cytoplasm,
the mRNA is snatched up by tiny protein-assembly machines called ribosomes.
The cell translates the code contained in the mRNA into a new language, the
language ... RNA (tRNA) also assist in the protein-assembly process.
RNA - similar to DNA, but less stable (the extra oxygen in the molecule makes it
... The completed assembly of transcription factors and RNA polymerase bound
to ... the same code in the formation of protein; mRNA bases read as triplets (
codons). ... to a complementary triplet on the mRNA according to the base-pairign
In addition to the mRNA template, many molecules and macromolecules
contribute to ... In eukaryotes, the synthesis and assembly of rRNAs occurs in the
nucleolus. ... polypeptide chain or terminate translation, according to the genetic
How the code in messenger RNA gets converted into an actual protein molecule.