Protein biosynthesis is the process whereby biological cells generate new
proteins; it is balanced by the loss of cellular proteins via degradation or export.
Translation, the assembly of amino acid...
Assembly of a protein molecule according to the code in a mRNA molecule? ...
Molecules carry protein assembly instructions from the nucleus to the cytoplasm?
1 Translation: The Synthesis of protein; 2 tRNA (Transfer RNA); 3 Ribosome ... a
specific polypeptide according to the rules specified by the trinucleotide genetic
code. .... Kozak consensus sequence on an mRNA molecule is recognized by the
ribosome as ... Initiation of translation in prokaryotes involves the assembly of the
The 2 strands of the DNA molecule are temporarily split by enzymes which ...
Transcription: RNA made according to base sequence in DNA ... amino acids
one by one in the correct order for assembly into the protein. ... A different
combination of 3 mRNA bases, also called a triplet, codes for each one of the 20
In addition to the mRNA template, many molecules and macromolecules
contribute to ... In eukaryotes, the synthesis and assembly of rRNAs occurs in the
nucleolus. ... polypeptide chain or terminate translation, according to the genetic
RNA - similar to DNA, but less stable (the extra oxygen in the molecule makes it
... The completed assembly of transcription factors and RNA polymerase bound
to ... the same code in the formation of protein; mRNA bases read as triplets (
codons). ... to a complementary triplet on the mRNA according to the base-pairign
Translation is the actual synthesis of a protein under the direction of mRNA. ...
role of the ribosome is to catalyse coupling of amino acids into protein according
to the sequence specified by the mRNA. The amino acids are brought to the
ribosome by tRNA (transfer RNA) molecules. ... This is referred to as the genetic
Every protein of an organism is made from information contained in RNA
molecules, which are made according to a template based on a sequence of ...
How the code in messenger RNA gets converted into an actual protein molecule.
The DNA instruction is revealed, flanked by 'start' and 'stop' codes. The cell
makes a copy of the DNA in the form of an RNA molecule. ... Once in the
cytoplasm, the mRNA is snatched up by tiny protein-assembly machines called