External validity is the validity of generalized (causal) inferences in scientific
research, usually ... Pre-test effects: If cause-effect relationships can only be
found when ... valid generalizati...
Cause and effect is one of the most commonly misunderstood concepts in ...
Many of these claims deviate from the scientific process and pay little heed to
cause ... you cannot simply say that age causes the effect of making people into
To a first approximation, in simple cases we can say the following: A statement
about causation is a predictive hypothesis: it says you cannot remove the effect ...
81 quotes have been tagged as cause-and-effect: Ralph Waldo Emerson: ... If we
cannot find a reason for the two events' occurring simultaneously or in close ... Or
do things merely co-occur and we give meaning to these co-occurrences ...
correlated that one causes the other (i.e., the variables have a "cause and effect"
relationship, but this is not always the case. The purpose of today's ... and effect
relationship exists between correlated variables, one should ask the following: 1.
We cannot discuss cause and effect in biology without first having characterized
.... Still another way to express these differences would be to say that proximate ...
completion of a well-written cause and effect research paper will help ...
assignment cannot be completed in a few hours one evening. ... Following the
guidelines for the layout (format) of the research paper in this guide, write ... that
we can probably write about in ten or more pages (although more, certainly,
could be said).
Of two events, A and B, we say that A causes B when the two always occur
together, ... After explicating these two main components of Hume's notion of
causation, ... The relation of cause and effect is pivotal in reasoning, which Hume
defines as ..... Since the Problem of Induction demands that causal connections
cannot be ...
That the terms cause and effect always denote two distinct beings, while the term
... of the substance and cannot be removed without changing that nature; e.g., ...
an action may have effects not intended by the agent, and these may be said to ...
That cause and effect understanding is difficult to achieve in epidemiology
because of the long natural history of ... A cause cannot be deduced logically
from the fact that two events are linked. ... Clues to the causes of disease are
inherent within these pattern. .... The cause of this disease could be said to be a