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The transistor was invented in 1947 by scientists John Bardeen, Walter Brattain and William Shockley, at Bell Teleophone Labs in New Jersey.
These three won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1956 for their research.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transistor

A transistor is a semiconductor device used to amplify or switch electronic signals and electrical .... Realizing that Bell Labs' scientists had already invented the transistor before them, the company rushed to get its "transistron" into production for ...

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_transistor

The Bell Labs work on the transistor emerged from ... John Bardeen eventually developed a new branch of ...

www.physlink.com/education/askexperts/ae414.cfm

The scientists that were responsible for the 1947 invention of the transistor were: John Bardeen, Walter Brattain, and William Shockley. Bardeen, with a Ph.D. in ...

www.computerhistory.org/atchm/who-invented-the-transistor

Dec 4, 2013 ... On reading my recent @CHM blog “Who invented the diode?” CHM senior curator Dag Spicer pointed me to a fascinating scholarly treatise, ...

www.beatriceco.com/bti/porticus/bell/belllabs_transistor1.html

The transistor was invented at Bell Laboratories in December 1947 (not in 1948 as is often stated) by John Bardeen and Walter Brattain. 'Discovered' would be a  ...

www.pbs.org/transistor/album1

describes history of most important invention of the 20th century: the transistor. Also... see the television documentary hosted by Ira Flatow, airing on local PBS ...

www.sjsu.edu/faculty/watkins/transist.htm

The transistor was a much more elegant solution to the needs of electronics. ... The three individuals credited with the invention of the transistor were William ...

www.cedmagic.com/history/transistor-1947.html

The transistor, which permitted the first wave of electronic miniaturization, was invented by William Shockley, John Bardeen, and Walter Brattain in 1947.

www.nobelprize.org/educational/physics/transistor/history

Dec 19, 2002 ... Shockley had developed a so-called junction transistor, which was built on thin slices of different types of semiconductor material pressed ...