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en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_Muslim_conquests

The early Muslim conquests also referred to as the Arab conquests and early Islamic conquests began with the Islamic Prophet Muhammad in the 7th century. He established a new unified polity in the Arabian Peninsula which under .... Three years later the Arabs controlled all of the lower Indus valley. Most of the towns ...

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arabian_Peninsula

The Arabian Peninsula plays a critical geopolitical role in the Middle East and the Arab world due to its vast reserves of oil and natural gas. Before the modern ...

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religion_in_the_Middle_East

Three major religious groups, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, originated in the Middle East. ... The Bahá'í Faith has noteworthy representation in Iran, Yemen, United Arab ... the Middle East's 12 million Christians will likely drop to 6 million by the year .... They reject Jesus and Muhammad and view Christianity and Islam  ...

courses.lumenlearning.com/boundless-worldhistory/chapter/the-umayyad-and-abbasid-empires

After Muhammad's death in 632 CE, there were conflicts among his followers ... Under the Rashidun, each region (Sultanate) of the caliphate had its own governor (Sultan). ... Although the Umayyad Caliphate did not rule all of the Sahara, nomadic .... The Arab conquerors generally respected the traditional middle-Eastern ...

peopleof.oureverydaylife.com/did-islam-spread-around-world-after-muhammads-death-7823.html

Barely 100 years later, the Muslim empire dominated the Middle East, northern ... Barely 100 years after Muhammad's death, Islamic rule stretched from Spain to India. ... Islam was an Arab religion but did not discriminate by ethnicity or race. In Muhammad's original conception, all of mankind was equal under God's law: ...

waitbutwhy.com/2014/09/muhammad-isis-iraqs-full-story.html

Sep 12, 2014 ... By the time Muhammad died in 632, Islam had spread through the whole Arabian Peninsula. .... A lot of things sucked about the 24 year rule of Saddam. ... that despite being the fourth largest ethnic group in the Middle East (after Arabs, ... making up roughly 20% of Turkey and Iraq, 15% of Syria, and 10% of ...

www.thenation.com/article/how-saddam-husseins-execution-contributed-to-the-rise-of-sectarianism-in-the-middle-east

Jan 15, 2016 ... Grand Ayatollah Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr had been one of the Shiite world's leading ... Hussein's execution cemented his status as a Sunni and Arab nationalist martyr. ... sentiment that had been sweeping the Middle East for years. ... would inspire the Shiite majority in Iraq to rise up against Baathist rule.

www.cbn.com/spirituallife/onlinediscipleship/understandingislam/IslamHistory0212.aspx

Between 630 A.D. and the death of Mohammed in 632 A.D., Muslims -- on at least one ... Even non-Arab Muslim inhabitants of the conquered lands became second class ... east, except in this paragraph I will not describe the almost 1,500 years of ... At the time, Palestine was under the rule of the so-called Eastern Roman ...

www.crf-usa.org/america-responds-to-terrorism/the-origins-of-islamic-law.html

Between the seventh century when Muhammad died and the 10th century, many ... Muhammad introduced a new religion into this chaotic Arab world. ... Koran and the teachings of Muhammad, kadis decided cases in all areas of the law. ... During the 500-year rule of the Abbasids, the Sharia reached its full development .