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en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spread_of_Islam

The expansion of the Muslim Empire in the years following the Prophet Muhammad's death led ... Islamic expansion in South and East Asia fostered cosmopolitan and eclectic ... expansion of the Arab Empire in the first centuries after Muhammad's death .... Territories in Central Europe under the Ottoman Empire, 1683 CE.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_Muslim_conquests

The early Muslim conquests also referred to as the Arab conquests and early Islamic conquests began with the Islamic Prophet Muhammad in the 7th century. He established a new unified polity in the Arabian Peninsula which under ... Muhammad died in 632 and was succeeded by Abu Bakr, the first Caliph with ...

www.islamicity.org/5898/islam-and-islamic-history-and-the-middle-east

In or about the year 570 the child who would be named Muhammad and who would ... Muhammad's father, 'Abd Allah ibn'Abd al-Muttalib, died before the boy was ..... Under 'Abd al-Malik, the Umayyads expanded Islamic power still further. ... In the East, Umayyad rule in Transoxania brought the Arabs into contact with the ...

www.thelatinlibrary.com/imperialism/notes/islamchron.html

Muhammad took control of the city and made it the spiritual center of Islam. ... The Arabs under Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas defeat a Sasanian army in the battle of Qadisiyya (near Hira), gaining Iraq west of .... 715: By this year just about all of Spain is in Muslim hands. .... 743: Death of Hisham, 10th caliph of the Umayyad Dynasty.

www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2007/02/12/7332087/the-origins-of-the-shiite-sunni-split

Feb 12, 2007 ... The split occurred soon after the death of the Prophet Muhammad, nearly 1400 years ago. ... of spreading conflict in the Middle East between Shiites and Sunnis. ... many Arab nations in the Middle East and to Iran, which is Persian. .... By the year 1500, Persia was a seat of Sunni Islamic learning, but all that ...

www.lonelyplanet.com/middle-east/history

History of Middle East, experience the modern and ancient historic past ... In about 5000 BC a culture known as Al-Ubaid first appeared in Mesopotamia. ... Egypt were unified under Menes, ushering in 3000 years of Pharaonic rule in the Nile Valley ... Mohammed died in 632 but under his successors, known as caliphs (from ...

peopleof.oureverydaylife.com/did-islam-spread-around-world-after-muhammads-death-7823.html

Barely 100 years later, the Muslim empire dominated the Middle East, northern ... Barely 100 years after Muhammad's death, Islamic rule stretched from Spain to India. ... Islam was an Arab religion but did not discriminate by ethnicity or race. In Muhammad's original conception, all of mankind was equal under God's law: ...

www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2015/10/how-isis-started-syria-iraq/412042

Oct 29, 2015 ... What is ravaging the Middle East right now is obviously deeper than ... The spark of jihad ignited and spread so quickly after Muhammad's death in 632 in part because it .... Over the next two years, however, the prudence of al-Qaeda's core ..... which was leveling every other civilian area under rebel control.

www.britannica.com/topic/Umayyad-dynasty-Islamic-history

Umayyad dynasty: the first great Muslim dynasty to rule the empire of the Caliphate (661–750 ce), sometimes referred to as the Arab kingdom ... became prominent administrators under Muhammad and his immediate successors. ... I who claimed the caliphate in 684, fought against ʿAbd Allāh ibn al-Zubayr for years; by the ...

www.alhewar.com/Saliba_Christians_and_Jews_Under_Islam.htm

“This is the Middle East,” we might say: “What do you expect? ... By 632 AD, the year of his death, he had united virtually all or most of the Arabian Peninsula ... In the following half-century or so, Arabs were in control of a territory stretching from ... In light of the above, how did Muhammad deal with the Christians and Jews he  ...