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Light-independent reactions


The light-independent reactions of photosynthesis are chemical reactions that convert carbon ... Plants do not carry out the Calvin cycle during nighttime. ... used in other metabolic pathways such ...

Calvin cycle - New World Encyclopedia


Jul 4, 2013 ... The Calvin cycle is one of the most metabolic pathways on Earth. .... in certain plants native to very warm or tropical climates, for example, corn.

Calvin cycle (photosynthetic dark reaction)


Rest of the Calvin Cycle (Carbon Reactions) pathway. Regulation of ... 872 of Biochemistry, by Voet & Voet, 3rd Edition, and schematically represented at right.

photosynthesis notes - Biology Junction


Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are biochemical pathways .... Each turn of the Calvin cycle fixes One CO2 molecule so it takes six turns to make one ...

Calvin Cycle - Home Page for Ross Koning


The enzymes that participate in the Calvin cycle form a cyclic pathway that ... range of carbohydrates by other pathways (sucrose and starch are just two examples). ... that a sugar is a versatile material in the biochemical context of a plant cell!

Improving Carbon Fixation Pathways


May 29, 2012 ... For example, the Calvin cycle is sensitive to heat stress; at extreme temperatures this is an intrinsic function of instabilities in metabolic ...

Intermediates Produced During the Calvin Cycle - Boundless


The Calvin Cycle is characterized as a carbon fixation pathway. ... Some examples of microorganisms that utilize the Calvin cycle include cyanobacteria, ... The additional 3-PGA is utilized in additional metabolic pathways such as glycolysis ...

C4 Plants - Kimball's Biology Pages


The process is called the Calvin cycle and the pathway is called the C3 pathway. ... the 3-carbon molecule 3-phosphoglyceric acid — just as in the Calvin cycle; the ... families of angiosperms — a remarkable example of convergent evolution.

Bacterial Metabolism - Medical Microbiology - NCBI Bookshelf


Metabolism refers to all the biochemical reactions that occur in a cell or organism. ... Fermentation, another example of heterotrophic metabolism, requires an organic ..... by Photosystems I and II (“Z” scheme) and by the Calvin cycle pathway.

The Implausibility of Metabolic Cycles on the Prebiotic Earth - NCBI


Jan 22, 2008 ... The Calvin dark cycle and the reverse citric acid cycle, both of which result in the ... important biochemical intermediates, are examples of autocatalytic cycles. .... It seems likely that the more primitive pathway for this reaction ...

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Calvin Cycle ( Read ) | Biology | CK-12 Foundation


Aug 30, 2016 ... Describes the Calvin cycle, the second stage of photosynthesis. ... Two alternative pathways for carbon fixation demonstrate biochemical adaptations to differing environments. ... Examples of C3, C4, and CAM plants.

What is a Metabolic Pathway? - Definition & Example - Video ...


In this lesson, you'll learn about a metabolic pathway, a chemical reaction that none ... Other types of catabolic pathways include the citric or Krebs cycle, where  ...

Metabolism, Cellular - Biology Encyclopedia - cells, body, function ...


Metabolic pathways can be simple linear sequences of a few reactions, or they can ... (for example, the Krebs cycle of aerobic respiration, or the Calvin cycle of ...