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The Halloween tradition of carving pumpkins dates back to the Middle Ages when turnips or gourds with fires lit in them were carried to scare away evil spirits, which were thought to be roaming the earth during this season.
When the tradition came to the New World, pumpkins were more plentiful and were easier to carve, so were used instead.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jack-o%27-lantern

A jack-o'-lantern (or jack o'lantern) is a carved pumpkin or turnip lantern, associated with the .... Many years later, the thief died, as all living things do. Of course, Jack's ... The people of Polperro regarded them both as pixies. The rhyme goes:.

people.howstuffworks.com/culture-traditions/holidays-halloween/why-carve-pumpkins.htm

Traditions have always played a big part in what defines any holiday. Christmas brings unique traditions like putting up a tree and singing carols for strangers.

www.thoughtco.com/why-do-we-carve-pumpkins-on-halloween-3299443

May 26, 2017 ... By the late 1800s, people were applying the name "jack-o'-lantern" to a homemade object more commonly known before that as a "turnip ...

www.livescience.com/32459-why-do-we-carve-pumpkins-at-halloween.html

Feb 5, 2013 ... Carving vegetables into scary faces then lighting them is an odd kind of custom that just must have interesting roots.

www.history.com/topics/halloween/jack-olantern-history

Every October, carved pumpkins peer out from porches and doorsteps in the United ... People have been making jack-o'-lanterns at Halloween for centuries.

www.bustle.com/articles/184637-why-do-we-carve-pumpkins-for-halloween-jack-o-lanterns-have-a-mythical-origin

Sep 30, 2016 ... One of my favorite Halloween holiday traditions is carving pumpkins, ... narrow eyes, and noseless face we tend to see on people's porches in ...

www.bustle.com/articles/192243-why-do-we-put-pumpkins-out-for-halloween-everything-you-need-to-know-about-this-tradition

Oct 30, 2016 ... Even then, people have thought of countless creative ways to carve pumpkins. It goes without saying that pumpkins have become a classic part ...

www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2012/10/why-are-carved-pumpkins-called-jack-o-lanterns

Oct 2, 2012 ... As to how this name made the jump to referring to carved pumpkins with ... make these types of carved lanterns to scare people on the road or ...

tiphero.com/carving-pumpkin-meaning

The meaning behind the tradition of carving pumpkins. DepositPhotos ... Where did this crafty idea come from and why do we still do it to this day? Well, as with ...