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Gangs in the United States


Gangs in the United States include several types of groups, including national street gangs, .... Established in the mid-1960s, the gang was affiliated with the Aryan Nations and engages in ... Yout...

Violence and Gangs Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com ...


By the late 1990s the percentage of U.S. cities with gang problems grew to 7%, .... The gangs that emerged in the 1960s and 1970s in Los Angeles and .... gang recruitment on school grounds or public property a felony, even if it did .... law enforcement agencies to be male; this fact changed little over the NYGS survey years.

Gang History - History of South Central, Los Angeles


Black and Latino gangs in Los Angeles originally come as a response to white racism, but ... However, this changed in the 1940s. ... The 1960s ... gang, broke into two gangs the Surenos (Southerners) and the Nortenos (Northerners). ... of drugs to the community, the early 1990s saw some of the highest homicide rates ever.

Gangs - Encyclopedia of Chicago


Chicago's first gangs developed along ethnic lines out of the volunteer fire ... The public image of gangs improved in the late 1960s, when some of the more ... thrust of the late 1960s seems distant in the context of the gang violence of the 1990s. ... across generations, the geography of Chicago gangs was changing by the ...

Independent Lens . CRIPS AND BLOODS: Made in America - PBS


Overhead image of Watts burning ... Four young men crouching and holding up gang signs with their hands and wearing blue bandanas ... In response to white violence against blacks who venture into white neighborhoods, .... The Los Angeles City Council votes to change the area's name from South Central to South Los ...

The Youth Gangs, Drugs, & Violence Connection - National Criminal ...


The predominant image of youth gangs is consistent ... drug markets appeared, so did violent crime. ... and into the 1960's, youth gang members .... 2 See Anderson, 1990; Block and Block, 1993; Decker ... changes in American society that dis-.

The Growth of Youth Gang Problems in the United States: 1970-98 ...


When county population is taken into account, the ranking of counties by ... The regional locations of gang cities changed substantially during the 25-year period. ... Between the 1970's and 1990's, the number of smaller gang cities increased ... for posing two important questions: "How does one explain these remarkable ...

Frequently Asked Questions About Gangs - National Gang Center


On a national scale, the gang problem has changed over the decades, ... This figure represents a sizeable drop from the mid-1990s, when 40 percent of ... of gang activity does not necessarily indicate a protracted presence over time.

The history of the smiley face symbol | Art and design | The Guardian


Feb 20, 2009 ... The Smiley has travelled far from its early 1960s origins, changing ... Evil was rendered even more sinister by this blank, expressionless face, a trigger horror image like a girl's ... the symbol took a few weeks to catch on, but when it did, it swept the ... This negative association continued into the early 1990s...

Race, Ethnicity, and the Criminal Justice System - American ...


present a balanced picture of what is known about these ... and criminal justice) —although demonstrable changes have occurred in .... have changed over time. ... shows that racial discrimination does occur in some ... forced labor practices and chain gangs and .... 1980s and 1990s largely targeted minorities—a fact.

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Gangs Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about ...


Get information, facts, and pictures about Gangs at Encyclopedia.com. ... for protection were more likely to join gangs than were youths who did not own a weapon. ... and Hispanic gangs appear more involved in territorial violence ( Spergel 1990). ... divergent gangs may come into conflict as a result of sudden changes in an ...

Changing Composition of Youth Gangs


The popular image of youth gangs is that they are becoming more formally organized ... including adults, have existed at least since the 1960's (Spergel, 1995). ... in times of conflict or crisis and decrease in size at other times (Spergel, 1990).

Youth Gangs and Violence


Miller's study showed that gang violence was very prevalent in the 1960's and 1970's. He argued that nothing had changed from the 1950's; rather, media and public .... this could be because more violent adolescents may be recruited into gangs. ... from 1987 to 1990, virtually all of the increase in Chicago gang- motivate...