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Gangs in the United States

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gangs_in_the_United_States

Gangs in the United States include several types of groups, including national street gangs, .... Established in the mid-1960s, the gang was affiliated with the Aryan Nations and engages ... activit...

Gang History - History of South Central, Los Angeles

www.southcentralhistory.com/gang-history.php

Black and Latino gangs in Los Angeles originally come as a response to white racism, but ... However, this changed in the 1940s. ... The 1960s ... gang, broke into two gangs the Surenos (Southerners) and the Nortenos (Northerners). ... of drugs to the community, the early 1990s saw some of the highest homicide rates ever.

Gangs Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about ...

www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Gangs.aspx

Get information, facts, and pictures about Gangs at Encyclopedia.com. ... for protection were more likely to join gangs than were youths who did not own a weapon. ... and Hispanic gangs appear more involved in territorial violence ( Spergel 1990). ... divergent gangs may come into conflict as a result of sudden changes in an ...

Changing Composition of Youth Gangs - OJJDP

www.ojjdp.gov/jjbulletin/9808/changing.html

The popular image of youth gangs is that they are becoming more formally organized ... including adults, have existed at least since the 1960's (Spergel, 1995). ... in times of conflict or crisis and decrease in size at other times (Spergel, 1990).

The Growth of Youth Gang Problems in the United States: 1970-98 ...

www.ncjrs.gov/html/ojjdp/ojjdprpt_yth_gng_prob_2001/chap7.html

When county population is taken into account, the ranking of counties by ... The regional locations of gang cities changed substantially during the 25-year period. ... Between the 1970's and 1990's, the number of smaller gang cities increased ... for posing two important questions: "How does one explain these remarkable ...

The Youth Gangs, Drugs, & Violence Connection - National Criminal ...

www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/93920.pdf

The predominant image of youth gangs is consistent ... drug markets appeared, so did violent crime. ... and into the 1960's, youth gang members .... 2 See Anderson, 1990; Block and Block, 1993; Decker ... changes in American society that dis-.

Gangs and social change

www.observatoriodeseguranca.org/files/191.pdf

how gangs have changed their practices if not their form over five eras of contemporary US ... for Horowitz, gang members were 'image builders'; for Vigil gang members .... crime and gang violence (Hagedorn, 1988; Skogan, 1990; Sampson and .... illegal acts, not only does confusion arise, but a clear sociological under-.

Gangs - Encyclopedia of Chicago

www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/497.html

Chicago's first gangs developed along ethnic lines out of the volunteer fire ... The public image of gangs improved in the late 1960s, when some of the more ... thrust of the late 1960s seems distant in the context of the gang violence of the 1990s. ... across generations, the geography of Chicago gangs was changing by the ...

Gang Wars - Justice Policy Institute

www.justicepolicy.org/uploads/justicepolicy/documents/07-07_rep_gangwars_gc-ps-ac-jj.pdf

Gang Wars: The Failure of Enforcement Tactics and the Need for Effective Public .... 1990s, when youth violence fell to the lowest level in .... ferent picture. ... understanding of what the gang unit did or how it ... deterrence message had changed the behavior of gang ..... from the mid-1940s through the mid-1960s, during.

48 YEARS OF CRIME IN CHICAGO:

isps.yale.edu/sites/default/files/publication/2013/12/48yearsofcrime_final_ispsworkingpaper023.pdf

Dec 9, 2013 ... These changes in crime rates – especially recent changes – ... Chicago has seen a strong drop in violent crime over the last two years, with 16 ... and then again in the 1980s and 1990s, reaching its apex in 1991. ..... dynamics of streets gangs in Chicago, it does lend some descriptive support that the.

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Violence and Gangs Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com ...

www.encyclopedia.com

By the late 1990s the percentage of U.S. cities with gang problems grew to 7%, .... The gangs that emerged in the 1960s and 1970s in Los Angeles and .... gang recruitment on school grounds or public property a felony, even if it did .... law enforcement agencies to be male; this fact changed little over the NYGS survey years.

Youth Gangs and Violence - OJJDP

www.ojjdp.gov

Miller's study showed that gang violence was very prevalent in the 1960's and 1970's. He argued that nothing had changed from the 1950's; rather, media and public .... this could be because more violent adolescents may be recruited into gangs. ... from 1987 to 1990, virtually all of the increase in Chicago gang- motivate...

Independent Lens . CRIPS AND BLOODS: Made in America - PBS

www.pbs.org

Overhead image of Watts burning ... In response to white violence against blacks who venture into white neighborhoods, .... By the mid-1990s, there are 650,000 gang members in the U.S. and 150,000 in Los Angeles County alone. ... The Los Angeles City Council votes to change the area's name from South Central to ...