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A gene is a locus (or region) of DNA which is made up of nucleotides and is the molecular unit of heredity. <sup>:Glossary</sup> The transmission of genes to an organism's offspring ...

What is a DNA code for one hereditary trait called - Answers.com


The DNA code for one hereditary trait is called a gene.

What Are the Small Parts of DNA That Code for a Trait? | Education ...


The small regions that code for proteins are called genes, and proteins are responsible ... The genetic code dictates which proteins the cell manufactures. ... an enzyme complex to an appropriate spot on one of the organism's chromosomes.

Glossary of Terms


The sequence of DNA bases codes for the amino acid sequence of proteins. ... Each gene is a segment of DNA that carries instructions for producing the chainlike molecules that ... Hybrid - An organism that has heterozygous alleles ( or genes) for one or more traits. ... Mendel, Gregor - So-called "father of modern genetics".

Heredity Flashcards | Quizlet


Codon. This is a 3 letter sequence of DNA or messenger RNA code that stands for .... This is an organism that has two different alleles for the same genetic trait. ... This means that traits are passed to offspring independently of one another. .... of a fatty substance called ganglioside accumulate in the nerve cells in the brain.

What Is a Gene? - KidsHealth


Why does one kid have green eyes while another kid's eyes are brown? ... Or if your mom has freckles, you might have freckles too because you inherited the trait for freckles. ... Genes are found on tiny spaghetti-like structures called chromosomes (say: ... The chromosomes and genes are made of DNA, which is short for ...

Each Organism's Traits Are Inherited from a Parent through - Nature


... that genes correspond to one or more DNA sequences that carry the coding information ... which he called traits, were passed down to successive generations. ... that carried the information about these traits from one generation to the next.

Basic Principles of Genetics: Glossary of Terms


a large organic molecule that stores the genetic code for the synthesis of proteins . ... Approximately 1 in 700 females are carriers of the gene for this trait. .... This disease is also called Huntington's chorea click this icon to hear the preceding ...

What are the Small Parts of the DNA that Code for a Trait? - Synonym


The genetic code is the sum of our genes, or small coding regions of DNA, ... after his death, he determined how traits were passed from one generation to the next ... trait during a process called gene expression, a process that will produce the ...

The Basics on Genes and Genetic Disorders - KidsHealth


This article gives the lowdown on genes, genetic disorders, and new research ... They were probably talking about a physical characteristic, personality trait, or talent ... Most living organisms are made up of cells that contain a substance called ... on the X and Y chromosomes in boys, because boys have only one of each).

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How are traits passed on through DNA? - Scientific American


Nov 30, 1998 ... HEREDITY'S ALPHABET consists of four letters represented by the nucleotide ... These four sugars are called nucleotide bases and have the names ... of heredity --that the DNA code turns into an RNA message that has the ...

What is genetics and heredity?


Heredity is the passing on of characteristics from one generation to the next. It is the ... Through heredity, living things inherit traits from their parents. Traits are ... Genes are made of a chemical called DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid). Genes are ...

DNA, Genes, Chromosomes - GeneEd - Genetics, Education ...


A gene is a segment of DNA that is passed down from parents to children and confers a trait to the offspring. Genes are organized and packaged in units called “chromosomes. ... One set of chromosomes for each pair comes from a person's mother, and ... tutorials on DNA, genes, chromosomes, protein, heredity, and traits.