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Shoaling and schooling

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shoaling_and_schooling

In biology, any group of fish that stay together for social reasons are shoaling and if the group is ... It is also likely that fish benefit from shoal membership through increased hydrodynamic effi...

Schooling of Fish: Advantages and Disadvantages of the Buddy ...

umichfishes.files.wordpress.com/2012/12/schooling-in-fishes.pptx

Shoaling; How fish school; Both advantages and disadvantages ... predation; Initiation of schooling from environmental factors after morphological evolution.

The adaptive significance of schooling as an

www.sekj.org/PDF/anzf27/anz27-051-066.pdf

Fish in schools benefit from increased vigilance and. as a consequence of ... There are however a number of constraints on the evolution of schooling and asso-.

the secrets of schooling fishes - Mute Planet

www.muteplanet.com/Mute_Planet/Science/Entries/2010/12/5_THE_SECRETS_OF_SCHOOLING_FISHES.html

Dec 5, 2010 ... Schooling fishes have been observed and pondered over by ... who study the behaviour of animals) view behaviour as a product of evolution, ... Defense against predators is the most frequently cited advantage of schooling.

Animal behaviour: The benefits of schooling | The Economist

www.economist.com/blogs/babbage/2012/08/animal-behaviour

Aug 17, 2012 ... NEARLY four-fifths of the 28,000 known species of fish swim in schools, harmoniously aligning their movements with others around them.

Emergent Schooling Behavior in Fish by Gustaf Olson Abstract ...

guava.physics.uiuc.edu/~nigel/courses/569/Essays_Fall2008/files/olson.pdf

Schooling in fish is an emergent state of fish behavior in which a group of fish move .... variety in types of schooling speak both to the evolutionary advantage of  ...

When fish shoals meet: outcomes for evolution ... - Princeton University

icouzin.princeton.edu/wp-content/uploads/file/PDFs/Croft_FAF2003.pdf

CanadaV6T1ZA. Keywords animal groups, disease transmission, fish schools, information transfer, ... encounters has important consequences for the evolution of reciprocal altruism and ..... during a shoal encounter there may be advantages.

Evolution (process): Is there an evolutionary advantage to moths ...

www.quora.com/Evolution-process-Is-there-an-evolutionary-advantage-to-moths-and-other-insects-being-drawn-to-flame

How long has artificial light been around compared to moths and other insects? I hardly think ... Evolution (process): What is the evolutionary advantage of fish schooling? Is there an evolutionary explanation for altruism? What is the ...

Why do fish swim in circles? - Havforskningsinstituttet

www.imr.no/filarkiv/2007/01/hi-news.1.07_ny_web.pdf/en

Fish often swim in circles when the school wants to stay put: ... The most dominating advantage of schooling ... and evolutionary basis, where the circling group.

Structure & Function of Fish Schools

www.colby.edu/biology/BI358j/Readings/Partridge 1982.pdf

natural conditions. The fact that a great many species of fish congregate in schools suggests that the behavior offers a considerable evolutionary advantage.

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Why do fish live in schools? | How It Works Magazine

www.howitworksdaily.com

Sep 16, 2011 ... How and why do large numbers of fish group together in massive ... The second advantage of schooling is to boost the group's foraging ...

Why Fish Swim in Schools - PetPlace.com

www.petplace.com

Fish travel in schools because they are programmed by evolution to know that ... The advantages that a school lends to an individual seem logical, but more ...

FISH, a quick course on the biology of fishes (Ichthyology)

www.marinebiology.org

Fish evolved in fresh water; the chondrichthyes moved to the sea early in evolution, while the bony fishes went through most of their evolution in fresh water and spread ..... The other modes have their advantages, the eggs are much less prone to .... Spawning Aggregation: Many fish species form schools only when it comes ...