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Shoaling and schooling


In biology, any group of fish that stay together for social reasons are shoaling and if the group is ... It is also likely that fish benefit from shoal membership through increased hydrodynamic effi...

The adaptive significance of schooling as an


Fish in schools benefit from increased vigilance and. as a consequence of ... There are however a number of constraints on the evolution of schooling and asso-.

Why do fish live in schools? | How It Works Magazine


Sep 16, 2011 ... The second advantage of schooling is to boost the group's foraging success, which has been proven in trials to grow considerably in ...

Why Fish Swim in Schools - PetPlace.com


Fish travel in schools because they are programmed by evolution to know that ... The advantages that a school lends to an individual seem logical, but more ...

Self-Organized Fish Schools - University of Washington


social behaviors such as schooling in fishes provide a prom- ising avenue to .... more evolutionary advantages under some circumstances than others (e.g. ...

Collective or Scattering: Evolving Schooling Behaviors to Escape ...


hance one of the models for fish schooling with the abil- ity to sense a predator's approach. ... behaviors of the predator with advantage of schooling. Introduction.

FISH, a quick course on the biology of fishes (Ichthyology)


CHONDRICHTHYES, the jawed fish with cartilaginous skeletons. ..... Evolution has a keen ability in finding weaknesses in any system, and it has done so with ... only by accident), a fish may gain a swimming advantage by being in a school.

When fish shoals meet: outcomes for evolution ... - Princeton University


CanadaV6T1ZA. Keywords animal groups, disease transmission, fish schools, information transfer, ... encounters has important consequences for the evolution of reciprocal altruism and ..... during a shoal encounter there may be advantages.

Dynamics of fish shoals: identifying key decision rules - Princeton ...


and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544-1003, USA ... have been extensively studied, with the primary benefits being protection from ... simulation of the movement of fish shoals and schools (Aoki, 1982; Huth and ...

Structure & Function of Fish Schools

www.colby.edu/biology/BI358j/Readings/Partridge 1982.pdf

natural conditions. The fact that a great many species of fish congregate in schools suggests that the behavior offers a considerable evolutionary advantage.

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the secrets of schooling fishes - Mute Planet


Dec 5, 2010 ... Schooling fishes have been observed and pondered over by ... who study the behaviour of animals) view behaviour as a product of evolution, ... Defense against predators is the most frequently cited advantage of schooling.

Emergent Schooling Behavior in Fish by Gustaf Olson Abstract ...


Schooling in fish is an emergent state of fish behavior in which a group of fish move .... variety in types of schooling speak both to the evolutionary advantage of  ...

Animal behaviour: The benefits of schooling | The Economist


Aug 17, 2012 ... NEARLY four-fifths of the 28,000 known species of fish swim in schools, harmoniously aligning their movements with others around them.