In biology, any group of fish that stay together for social reasons are shoaling and
if the group is ... It is also likely that fish benefit from shoal membership through
increased hydrodynamic effi...
Shoaling; How fish school; Both advantages and disadvantages ... predation;
Initiation of schooling from environmental factors after morphological evolution.
Fish in schools benefit from increased vigilance and. as a consequence of ...
There are however a number of constraints on the evolution of schooling and
Dec 5, 2010 ... Schooling fishes have been observed and pondered over by ... who study the
behaviour of animals) view behaviour as a product of evolution, ... Defense
against predators is the most frequently cited advantage of schooling.
Aug 17, 2012 ... NEARLY four-fifths of the 28,000 known species of fish swim in schools,
harmoniously aligning their movements with others around them.
Schooling in fish is an emergent state of fish behavior in which a group of fish
move .... variety in types of schooling speak both to the evolutionary advantage of
CanadaV6T1ZA. Keywords animal groups, disease transmission, fish schools,
information transfer, ... encounters has important consequences for the evolution
of reciprocal altruism and ..... during a shoal encounter there may be advantages.
How long has artificial light been around compared to moths and other insects? I
hardly think ... Evolution (process): What is the evolutionary advantage of fish
schooling? Is there an evolutionary explanation for altruism? What is the ...
Fish often swim in circles when the school wants to stay put: ... The most
dominating advantage of schooling ... and evolutionary basis, where the circling
natural conditions. The fact that a great many species of ﬁsh congregate in
schools suggests that the behavior offers a considerable evolutionary advantage.