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en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victor_Gruen

Victor David Gruen, born Viktor David Grünbaum (July 18, 1903 – February 14, 1980), was an Austrian-born architect best known as a pioneer in the design of shopping malls in the United States ... Because he invented the modern mall, Malcolm Gladwell, writing in The New Yorker, suggested that "Victor Gruen may well ...

qz.com/454214/the-father-of-the-american-shopping-mall-hated-cars-and-suburban-sprawl

Jul 17, 2015 ... The shopping mall is dead. The shopping mall is alive. The shopping mall is reborn. As sociologists and urban planners debate the relevance ...

www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2015/11/who-invented-the-shopping-mall

Nov 9, 2015 ... Modern shopping malls are so common that we forget they've only ... to be…and the story of the man who invented them, Victor Gruen—the ...

www.citylab.com/design/2013/07/victor-gruen-wanted-make-our-suburbs-better-instead-he-invented-mall/6249

Instead, He Invented the Mall. Mark Byrnes. Jul 18, 2013. How we ruined Gruen's plan for more walkable, tight-knit American downtowns. Share; Tweet. LinkedIn ...

modernnotion.com/man-invented-the-mall

Aug 31, 2015 ... Indoor shopping malls are widely considered to be dying, though attempts to repurpose malls are becoming more common. But who invented ...

time.com/3827465/alfred-taubman-inventor-shopping-malls-dies

Apr 18, 2015 ... Alfred Taubman, a real estate developer who invented the concept of indoor suburban shopping malls, has died at 91. His son, Robert ...

www.acrwebsite.org/volumes/display.asp?id=7196

Advances in Consumer Research Volume 18 , 1991 Pages 426-427. A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE MALL. Richard A. Feinberg , Purdue University. Jennifer Meoli  ...

www.ask.com/youtube?q=Who+Invented+The+Mall&v=4F7WCutpsJw
Jul 4, 2016 ... Victor Gruen is, according to history, the man who invented the shopping mall... but that wasn't quite what he was aiming for. And it seemed like ...

99percentinvisible.org/episode/the-gruen-effect

May 5, 2015 ... Gruen's full vision for the mall was more than just shops. He imagined them as mixed-use facilities, with apartments, offices, medical centers, ...