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en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victor_Gruen

Victor David Gruen, born Viktor David Grünbaum (July 18, 1903 – February 14, 1980), was an Austrian-born architect best known as a pioneer in the design of shopping malls in the United States ... Because he invented the modern mall, Malcolm Gladwell, writing in The New Yorker, suggested that "Victor Gruen may well ...

qz.com/454214/the-father-of-the-american-shopping-mall-hated-cars-and-suburban-sprawl

Jul 17, 2015 ... The shopping mall is dead. The shopping mall is alive. The shopping mall is reborn. As sociologists and urban planners debate the relevance ...

www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2015/11/who-invented-the-shopping-mall

Nov 9, 2015 ... Modern shopping malls are so common that we forget they've only ... to be…and the story of the man who invented them, Victor Gruen—the ...

www.slate.com/blogs/the_eye/2015/05/07/victor_gruen_the_creator_of_the_american_shopping_mall_on_99_invisible_with.html

May 7, 2015 ... The Southdale Center mall in Edina, Minnesota, in 2009. The mall was designed by Austrian architect Victor Gruen and opened in 1956 as the ...

www.citylab.com/design/2013/07/victor-gruen-wanted-make-our-suburbs-better-instead-he-invented-mall/6249

Instead, He Invented the Mall. Mark Byrnes. Jul 18, 2013. How we ruined Gruen's plan for more walkable, tight-knit American downtowns. Share; Tweet. LinkedIn ...

time.com/3827465/alfred-taubman-inventor-shopping-malls-dies

Apr 18, 2015 ... American billionaire led a life of success and impropriety.

www.ask.com/youtube?q=Who+Invented+The+Mall&v=4F7WCutpsJw
Jul 4, 2016 ... Victor Gruen is, according to history, the man who invented the shopping mall... but that wasn't quite what he was aiming for. And it seemed like ...

gizmodo.com/5114869/the-worlds-first-modern-shopping-mall

Dec 20, 2008 ... Minnesota, apparently the most mall-centric state in the country, is also ... of noble Southdale as you invent new and more vicious profanities in ...

www.newyorker.com/magazine/2004/03/15/the-terrazzo-jungle

Mar 15, 2004 ... Taubman's malls average sales close to five hundred dollars per square foot. If Victor Gruen invented the mall, Alfred Taubman perfected it.

kottke.org/08/12/the-first-mall

Dec 4, 2008 ... Southdale was the first mall ever built and still stands today (I visited many ... Victor Gruen invented the shopping mall in order to make America ...