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en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victor_Gruen

Victor David Gruen, born Viktor David Grünbaum (July 18, 1903 – February 14, 1980), was an Austrian-born architect best known as a pioneer in the design of shopping malls in the United States ... Because he invented the modern mall, Malcolm Gladwell, writing in The New Yorker, suggested that "Victor Gruen may well ...

qz.com/454214/the-father-of-the-american-shopping-mall-hated-cars-and-suburban-sprawl

Jul 17, 2015 ... The shopping mall is dead. The shopping mall is alive. The shopping mall is reborn. As sociologists and urban planners debate the relevance ...

www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2015/11/who-invented-the-shopping-mall

Nov 9, 2015 ... Modern shopping malls are so common that we forget they've only ... to be…and the story of the man who invented them, Victor Gruen—the ...

time.com/3827465/alfred-taubman-inventor-shopping-malls-dies

Apr 18, 2015 ... American billionaire led a life of success and impropriety.

www.slate.com/blogs/the_eye/2015/05/07/victor_gruen_the_creator_of_the_american_shopping_mall_on_99_invisible_with.html

May 7, 2015 ... The Southdale Center mall in Edina, Minnesota, in 2009. The mall was designed by Austrian architect Victor Gruen and opened in 1956 as the ...

.ask.com/youtube?q=Who+Invented+The+Mall&v=4F7WCutpsJw
Jul 4, 2016 ... Victor Gruen is, according to history, the man who invented the shopping mall... but that wasn't quite what he was aiming for. And it seemed like ...

www.citylab.com/design/2013/07/victor-gruen-wanted-make-our-suburbs-better-instead-he-invented-mall/6249

Jul 18, 2013 ... Victor Gruen Wanted to Make Our Suburbs More Urban. Instead, He Invented the Mall. How we ruined Gruen's plan for more walkable, tight-knit ...

www.thoughtco.com/history-of-shopping-malls-4071864

Aug 9, 2016 ... Shopping Innovations: The History of the Shopping Mall ... the hoop skirt to great success and practically invented the department store concept ...

www.jacobinmag.com/2014/04/the-last-shopping-mall

Apr 8, 2014 ... The inventor of the American suburban shopping mall was a socialist. ... Shopping malls have a little known socialist pre-history — one that has ...

www.acrwebsite.org/volumes/display.asp?id=7196

Advances in Consumer Research Volume 18 , 1991 Pages 426-427. A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE MALL. Richard A. Feinberg , Purdue University. Jennifer Meoli  ...