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Victor Gruen


Victor David Gruen, born Viktor David Grünbaum (July 18, 1903 – February 14, 1980), was an Austrian-born architect best known as a pioneer in the design of shopping malls in the United St...

Who Invented the Shopping Mall? - Today I Found Out


Nov 9, 2015 ... Modern shopping malls are so common that we forget they've only ... to be…and the story of the man who invented them, Victor Gruen—the ...

The father of the American shopping mall hated what he created ...


Jul 17, 2015 ... The shopping mall is dead. The shopping mall is alive. The shopping mall is reborn. As sociologists and urban planners debate the relevance ...

Shopping Mall Invention and Evolution - National Real Estate Investor


May 1, 2003 ... A half-century ago, architect Victor Gruen introduced America to the enclosed shopping mall. What would Gruen say about malls and shopping ...

Shopping mall


A shopping mall is a modern, chiefly North American, term for a form of shopping precinct or .... Other large cities created arcades and shopping centers in the late 19th century and early 20th cent...

A Brief History of the Mall by Richard A. Feinberg and Jennifer Meoli


Because alternative retail settings may differ in important economic, social, and psychological characteristics, the shopping mall may exert a significant influence  ...

The Shopping Mall Turns 60 (and Prepares to Retire) - CityLab


Jul 13, 2012 ... The inventor of the suburban indoor mall came to rue his creations. ... and suburban "shopping centers," to the extent they existed, were most ...

Southdale Center: America's first shopping mall – a history of cities ...


May 6, 2015 ... The 1100 malls Southdale inspired may be the epitome of ... of what it was to be human: we were ants scurrying around from Applebee's to the ...

Birth, death and shopping | The Economist


Dec 19, 2007 ... By the 1970s malls were proliferating. Gruen toured America promoting his invention. Malls began to open in Europe too—where, Gruen was ...

Popular Q&A
Q: Who invented the mall.
A: bob. Read More »
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Q: Who invented the mall?
A: The first shopping center in the United States was Country Club Plaza which opened in 1924 in Kansas city, Missouri. The concept of the fully-enclosed mall was ... Read More »
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Q: Who invented Aggressive Mall.
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Q: Who invented the mall?
A: The Al-Hamidiyah Souq is a closed market place in Damascus dating from the 7th century. It is Read More »
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Q: Who invented the Mall of America?
A: Nobody "invented" The Mall of America. The real estate investment firm Triple Five Read More »
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