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The Halloween tradition of carving pumpkins dates back to the Middle Ages when turnips or gourds with fires lit in them were carried to scare away evil spirits, which were thought to be roaming the earth during this season.
When the tradition came to the New World, pumpkins were more plentiful and were easier to carve, so were used instead.

Jack-o'-lantern - Wikipedia

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jack-o'-lantern

A jack-o'-lantern (or jack o'lantern) is a carved pumpkin or turnip lantern, associated with the .... Many years later, the thief died, as all living things do. Of course, Jack's ... The...

Why do people carve Halloween pumpkins? | HowStuffWorks

people.howstuffworks.com/culture-traditions/holidays-halloween/why-carve-pumpkins.htm

Do you wonder why people carve Halloween pumpkins? Find out how the tradition began and why people carve Halloween pumpkins each year.

History of the Jack O' Lantern - Halloween - HISTORY.com

www.history.com/topics/halloween/jack-olantern-history

Every October, carved pumpkins peer out from porches and doorsteps in the ... people began to make their own versions of Jack's lanterns by carving scary ...

Why Do We Carve Pumpkins at Halloween? - Live Science

www.livescience.com/32459-why-do-we-carve-pumpkins-at-halloween.html

Feb 5, 2013 ... Carving vegetables into scary faces then lighting them is an odd kind of custom that just must have interesting roots. The Irish do not disappoint.

The Real Reason We Carve Pumpkins for Halloween | TipHero

tiphero.com/carving-pumpkin-meaning/

Where did this crafty idea come from and why do we still do it to this day? ... The Irish took to carving scary faces into their squashes and pumpkins, to frighten ...

Carving Turnips for Halloween, How to Carve Turnips at Pumpkin ...

www.pumpkinnook.com/halloween/carvingturnips.htm

Long before pumpkin carving became popular, Celtic people in Ireland were carving turnips ... As Irish immigrants came to America, they discovered pumpkins . ... Did you Know? ... You can use a variety of tools, a small paring knife works best.

Original Irish Jack-o-Lanterns were truly terrifying and made of ...

www.irishcentral.com/roots/history/original-irish-jack-o-lanterns-were-truly-horrifying-and-made-of-turnips

Oct 27, 2016 ... Named for Jack O'Lantern of the Irish myth, these carved out turnips ... They were carved from turnips or beets rather than festive orange ... Once this became a Halloween tradition, Jack-o-Lanterns were used as guides for people dressed in ... that pumpkins, native to America, made perfect fruits for carving.

Which vegetable was originally used to carve jack-o-lanterns ...

www.reference.com/holidays-celebrations/vegetable-originally-used-carve-jack-o-lanterns-e00b862bec6dfdef

The seasonal practice of carving a vegetable and putting a light inside originates ... the turnip was the vegetable that was originally used to carve jack-o-lanterns. ... and easily carved pumpkin started a new tradition of carving pumpkins instead of ... PEOPLE SEARCH FOR ... When did Halloween become a national holiday?