Established the concept of affirmative action by mandating that projects financed
with federal funds "take affirmative action" to ...
In its tumultuous 48-year history, affirmative action has been both praised and
pilloried as an answer to racial inequality. The term "affirmative action" was first ...
Affirmative action is not, as some critics charge, a uniquely modern concept
fashioned by contemporary liberals in defiance of history or tradition. Although
Affirmative action History. In 1961, President John F. Kennedy introduced the
concept affirmative action broadly across the United States with his Executive ...
Jun 22, 2016 ... For a term as loaded with political meaning as “affirmative action,” it might ... in
1965, but the historical record shows it being used years before.
Affirmative action policies are those in which an institution or organization
actively engages in efforts to improve opportunities for historically excluded
groups in ...
March 6, 1961. Executive Order 10925 makes the first reference to “affirmative
action”. President John F. Kennedy issues Executive Order 10925, which creates
Jun 22, 2013 ... President Franklin D. Roosevelt took the first step in 1941, when he issued a
directive forbidding defense contractors from using racially ...
Oct 10, 2012 ... Bengali Harlem: lost history, found ... Affirmative action began as a simple idea to
expand equality and has morphed into a charged and divisive ...
This and the following two sections provide the context for this review, and,
indeed, for federal affirmative action programs. First, we examine the history of