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In cell biology, mitosis is a part of the cell cycle when replicated chromosomes are separated ... For example, animal cells undergo an "open" mitosis, where the nuclear .... During interphase, the genetic material in the nucleus consists of loosely .... The cells then re-enter G1 and S phase and replicate their chromosomes ...


The cell cycle or cell-division cycle is the series of events that take place in a cell leading to its division and duplication of its DNA (DNA replication) to .... Even in animals, cytokinesis and mitosis may occur independently, for ..... This is where the cell checks whether it has enough raw materials to fully replicate its DNA ...


The lytic cycle is one of the two cycles of viral reproduction, the other being the lysogenic cycle. The lytic cycle results in the destruction of the infected cell and its membrane. ... In some viruses this genetic material is circular and mimics a bacterial ... The virus hijacks the cell's replication and translation mechanisms, using ...


Chromosomes replicated during the S phase are divided in such a way as to ensure that ... In actively dividing animal cells, the whole process takes about one hour. ... This separation of the genetic material in a mitotic nuclear division (or ... led by their centromeres, migrate to the equatorial plane in the mid-line of the cell  ...


During interphase, the cell grows and makes a copy of its DNA. .... In animals, cell division occurs when a band of cytoskeletal fibers called the contractile ring ... subscript, 0, end subscript, a cell is not actively preparing to divide, it's just doing its job. ...... What is the DNA inside a cell called? genetic material or chromosome ?


Mitosis divides genetic information during cell division. ... This phase is where the cell grows and copies its chromosomes in preparation for cell division. ... and nuclear division that follows replication of the genetic material in eukaryotic cells. ... formation and other similar processes, which makes the parent cell still active.


There are two phases in the cell cycle, interphase and mitosis. ... This means that it must be metabolically active, making many cellular components. ... After the DNA has been replicated the cell is ready to prepare for division. ... A cell in interphase has no distinct chromosomes; the genetic material is decondensed and looks.


As discussed in Chapter 3, DNA replication is a semiconservative process in which ... In contrast, polymerase β is active in nondividing and dividing cells, ... of some animal viruses, such as SV40, can be studied in cell-free extracts. ... powerful approaches of yeast genetics (see Chapter 3) to test their biological roles directly.


In bacteria, cell growth and DNA replication take place throughout most of the ... the cell is metabolically active and continuously grows but does not replicate its DNA. .... The proliferation of most animal cells is similarly regulated in the G1 phase of ... the daughter cells failed to inherit complete copies of the genetic material.


A cell in an adult organism can be viewed as a steady-state system. ... cells, each containing an identical copy of the parental cell's genetic material. ... Many cells in adult animals, such as nerve cells and striated muscle cells, do not divide at all . ... The immune-system cells not only actively survey their environment with ...