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The cell cycle or cell-division cycle is the series of events that take place in a cell leading to its division and duplication of its DNA (DNA replication) to .... Even in animals, cytokinesis and mitosis may occur independently, for ..... This is where the cell checks whether it has enough raw materials to fully replicate its DNA ...


Chromosomes replicated during the S phase are divided in such a way as to ensure that ... In actively dividing animal cells, the whole process takes about one hour. ... This separation of the genetic material in a mitotic nuclear division (or ... led by their centromeres, migrate to the equatorial plane in the mid-line of the cell  ...


As discussed in lecture 1, there is a period between infection of a cell and .... In animals, most cells are not actively dividing, and are arrested in the G1 ... The early genes encode proteins that are required for viral DNA replication ... As discussed previously, many families of animal viruses have RNA as their genetic material.


During interphase, the cell grows and makes a copy of its DNA. .... In animals, cell division occurs when a band of cytoskeletal fibers called the .... Mitosis takes place throughout our life whereas meiosis takes place only in reproductively active age ..... What is the DNA inside a cell called? genetic material or chromosome?


A cell in an adult organism can be viewed as a steady-state system. ... system is so balanced that the cell neither grows, shrinks, nor changes its function. ... each containing an identical copy of the parental cell's genetic material. ... Many cells in adult animals, such as nerve cells and striated muscle cells, do not divide at all .


In bacteria, cell growth and DNA replication take place throughout most of the ... the cell is metabolically active and continuously grows but does not replicate its DNA. .... The proliferation of most animal cells is similarly regulated in the G1 phase of ... the daughter cells failed to inherit complete copies of the genetic material.


As discussed in Chapter 3, DNA replication is a semiconservative process in which ... In contrast, polymerase β is active in nondividing and dividing cells, ... of some animal viruses, such as SV40, can be studied in cell-free extracts. ... powerful approaches of yeast genetics (see Chapter 3) to test their biological roles directly.


The genetic material or chromatids are located in the nucleus of the cell and are ... In this phase cells do not copy their DNA and do not prepare for cell division. ... that enter the G0 stage? cells are alive and metabolically active, but do not divide .... Anaphase, and Telophase; How does cytokinesis occur in an animal cell?


Most tissues of the body grow by increasing their cell number, but this growth is highly ... Duplication of the genetic material ... In eukaryotes the processes of DNA replication and cell division occur at different times of the cell division cycle. ... In animal cells cytokinesis is achieved through the constriction of the cell by a ring ...