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en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lunar_observation

The Moon is Earth's largest natural satellite and the nearest major celestial object . Observing the Moon can be accomplished by using a variety of instruments ranging from the naked eye to large telescopes. For most people, the Moon is the only celestial object upon which surface features can ... First quarter (six to nine days past new moon) is generally considered the ...

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Far_side_of_the_Moon

The far side of the Moon is the hemisphere of the Moon that always faces away from Earth. ... In 1968, the Apollo 8 mission's astronauts were the first humans to view this region directly when they orbited the Moon. .... Librations of the Moon periodically allowed limited glimpses of features near the lunar limb on the far side.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selenography

Selenography is the study of the surface and physical features of the Moon. Historically, the ... The first serious attempts at naming the features of the Earth's Moon as seen through a ... See List of features on the Moon#Terra for a full list. ... of the newly discovered features were named after Soviet scientists and engineers.

socratic.org/questions/who-was-the-first-person-to-observe-the-moon-through-a-telescope-what-features-o

Feb 4, 2016 ... Galileo Galilee was the first person to observe moon with a home made telescope.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geology_of_the_Moon

The geology of the Moon is quite different from that of Earth. The Moon lacks a significant ... The first important event in the geologic evolution of the Moon was the ... only modestly covered by mare (see lunar mare for a more detailed discussion). ... Even before the Apollo missions confirmed it, most scientists already thought ...

www.answers.com/Q/Who_was_the_first_scientist_to_see_the_first_moons_features_and_how

The first scientist to study the Moon's features in detail was Galileo who observed it with a telescope.

solarsystem.nasa.gov/news/2009/02/25/our-solar-system-galileos-observations-of-the-moon-jupiter-venus-and-the-sun

Feb 25, 2009 ... He soon made his first astronomical discovery. ... At the time, most scientists believed that the Moon was a smooth sphere, but Galileo discovered that the Moon has mountains, pits, and other features, just like the Earth. ... modern telescopes and space probes observe the wonders of Jupiter's many moons.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_First_Men_in_the_Moon

The First Men in the Moon is a scientific romance by the English author H. G. Wells, originally ... Bedford and Cavor discover that the moon is inhabited by a sophisticated .... Like Wells's book, Lewis's reaches its climax with the Earth scientist ... idea of the Martian hives which feature so significantly in Quatermass and the Pit, ...

galileo.rice.edu/lib/student_work/astronomy95/moon.html

When Galileo first turned his telescope to the moon, he had no idea that he was about to see something that would cast doubt upon centuries-old beliefs. At the ...