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Aquatic respiration

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aquatic_respiration

Aquatic respiration is the process whereby an aquatic animal obtains oxygen from water. Contents. [hide]. 1 Respiratory systems. 1.1 Fish; 1.2 Mollusks; 1.3 Arthropods; 1.4 Aquatic reptiles; 1.5 Amp...

Bird Respiratory System

people.eku.edu/ritchisong/birdrespiration.html

So, in bird lungs, more oxygen is available to diffuse into the blood (avian respiratory system). ... Air sacs do not take part in the actual oxygen exchange, but do greatly enhance its ... The syrinx is unique to birds & is their 'voicebox' (in mammals, sounds are .... The increase in volume lowers air pressure and draws a...

Air flow patterns facilitate efficient gas exchange: Birds - AskNature

www.asknature.org/strategy/36325543f2778c96dd2a8730a8bd2bbf

A breath of oxygen-rich inhaled air remains in the respiratory system for two ... How do birds control the air so that it flows through their lungs when they can only ...

oxygen levels in birds - Engormix

en.engormix.com/MA-poultry-industry/management/forums/birds-need-oxygenated-water-t5614/124-p0.htm

Nov 9, 2012 ... Forum: Do birds need oxygenated water? ... Oxygen concentration in water is limited by its solubility: ... Oxygenated water gives better results in birds under heat stress by increasing oxygen, feed intake, weight gain & feed ...

Adaptations to Hypoxia in Birds: How to Fly High - Annual Reviews

www.annualreviews.org/doi/pdf/10.1146/annurev.ph.53.030191.000423

birds in wind tunnels that oxygen consumption may increase is-fold during flapping flight (6). How do species such as bar-headed geese maintain adequate  ...

Metabolism

web.stanford.edu/group/stanfordbirds/text/essays/Metabolism.html

... for each the rate at which a resting animal under no stress consumes oxygen. ... To maintain those rates, hummers have to consume about their weight in nectar daily. ... Birds do not generally use more energy than mammals to get the same job ... become endotherms and use metabolic heat to raise their temperature only ...

Variation in the link between oxygen consumption and ATP ...

rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/282/1812/20151028

Oct 28, 2015 ... However, oxygen consumption alone is unlikely to be a sufficient marker of .... studies of energy metabolism do not take into account this effect of substrate ... In poikilothermic ectotherms, increasing ambient temperature directly ... the rate of oxygen consumption in both mammals and birds, its effect on the ...

Respiration

www.mhhe.com/biosci/genbio/raven6b/graphics/raven06b/other/raven06_53.pdf

diffusion rate increases when surface area or concentration gradient increases. ... force air into their lungs, whereas reptiles, birds, and mammals draw air ... the lungs and unloads its oxygen in the tissue capillaries. ... ( f ) The alveoli in mammalian lungs provide a large respiratory surface area but do not permit countercurrent.

Relation of Oxygen Consumption to Temperature in the Evening ...

sora.unm.edu/sites/default/files/journals/condor/v061n06/p0388-p0396.pdf

birds maintained their weight or became slightly heavier while in captivity. All except ... The measurements of oxygen consumption reported here were made at night on rest- ing birds that had .... The fact that the Evening Grosbeak must resort to increased heat production for maintenance of ... We do not regard the gradual  ...

Why do animals respire and why is it important? - Academics - Saint ...

academics.smcvt.edu/dfacey/animalphysiology/respiration/answers.htm

For example, if this does not happen and carbon dioxide levels increase in the body, pH levels ... Humans use only 1-2 % of their oxygen intake to keep breathing. ..... In the lungs of birds, gas exchange occurs in air capillaries extending from ...

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Elevated performance: the unique physiology of birds that fly at high ...

jeb.biologists.org

Birds that fly at high altitudes must support vigorous exercise in oxygen-thin environments. ... the primary site of O2 consumption during flight); and (5) metabolic utilization ..... Bar-headed geese also have enlarged lungs (Scott et al., 2011), as do ..... Highland birds may also have a higher capacity for increasing their resting ...

How does an unhatched chick get oxygen? - Quora

www.quora.com

It's predominately diffusion across the eggshell. ...up to the time when internal pipping takes ... In fact there's ample gas diffusion across the eggshell during most of the ... Accordingly, birds adapted to different humidities lay eggs with different gas ... How do the oxygen molecules that fish breathe get into the atmosphe...

Comparative Animal Respiration - VetSci

vetsci.co.uk

Feb 28, 2010 ... Respiration is the process of obtaining sufficient oxygen from an organism's ... There must be a thin layer between the fluid layer and body fluid/plasma. ... starting with insects, then amphibians, fish, mammals and finally birds. ... levels, the insect can close spiracles to prevent increased oxygen intake.