Hydrothermal vents form in mid-ocean ridges where tectonic plates are spreading apart and seawater percolates down fissures and is heated by hot magma. They were first seen in 1977...
Types of Hydrothermal Vents
Although hydrothermal vents have been a wonder of the ocean's floor for thousands--if not millions--of years, they have only recently been brought to the attention of humans. Hydrothermal vents spew mineral-rich water into the ocean, creating new...
A hydrothermal vent is a fissure in a planet's surface from which geothermally
heated water issues. Hydrothermal vents are commonly found near volcanically ...
A venting black smoker emits jets of particle-laden fluids. The particles are
predominantly very fine-grained sulfide minerals formed when the hot
, located in the deep sea , were discovered relatively recently. The water coming out of the vents
can reach incredible temperatures of up to 750 degrees F.
The hottest of the vents
, the "black smokers," got their name because they spew a dark "smoke... More »
Researchers inside the submersible Alvin watch a black smoker chimney erupt
from seafloor vents. Hot hydrothermal fluids surge through the chimneys at ...
Explore how the 1977 discovery of hydrothermal vent ecosystems in the deep
ocean shocked scientists and redefined our understanding of the requirements
Travel to a world of perpetual night--the deep ocean hydrothermal vents near the
Galapagos Rift where life thrives around superheated water spewing from ...
Submarine Volcanoes and Hydrothermal Vents. Recent scientific discoveries
have revealed an underwater community of marine animals and other organisms
In the late 1970's, scientists on a routine study of the ocean floor made a
discovery that would rock the entire scientific community. On the East Pacific Rise