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they are called ergogenic aids. ... Water stores heat much longer than other substances do allowing organisms ... Why do athletes get cramps during exercise ?


Instead, structural proteins are added to muscle fibers in a process called ... Endurance athletes, like marathon-runners also would benefit from a larger ... recovery after muscle damage, reducing the rest required after exercise, and allowing for ... Although performance-enhancing substances often do improve performance, ...


Exercises that are less intense but last longer allow the body to give the ... More intense exercises use up the oxygen in the cells faster than it can be .... Pedals without this system but that offer the possibility to lock your foot are called clipless .


Jul 18, 2012 ... A course of steroids combined with exercise can translate to a 38% ... Similarly, a group of drugs called HIF stabilizers, which are aimed at treating ... levels in the body, allowing muscles to use oxygen more efficiently. As a result, the team found that divers could hold their breath for 11% longer than normal, ...


Jun 21, 2007 ... So all muscle cells contain a high-energy compound called creatine ... ATP for several hours or longer, as long as the supply of fuel lasts.


Legal and illegal performance-enhancing substances and methods are used .... Resistance training involves exercising a muscle or group of muscles against a ... allows the athlete to produce more explosive power when running, jumping, kicking .... Research has found that the benefits claimed by very few so-called ...


better known as ergogenic aids or performance-enhancing drugs. The use of ... competing athletes for substance use, but it did not begin testing for steroid compounds until 1976. ..... perception, allowing for longer exercise and increased .


May 22, 2013 ... Sweat is made up of water, sodium and other substances that help cool the body down. ... extra body heat and allows you to work out harder for longer. ... they can talk to their doctor about a condition called hyperhidrosis, ...


Dissolved substances ... It is therefore important that athletes replace the lost water and mineral ions ... This helps the athlete to continue exercising for longer.


time, some depressed student-athletes are .... Substance use ... Mood disorders sometimes are called ... longer and occurs more frequently, evalua- ..... dent- athlete's exercise and training and to .... allowing student-athletes to train and com-.