en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Topology

In mathematics, topology is concerned with the properties of space that are
preserved under continuous deformations, such as stretching and bending, but
not ...

mathworld.wolfram.com/Topology.html

Topology is the mathematical study of the properties that are preserved through
deformations, twistings, and stretchings of objects. Tearing, however, is not ...

www.math.colostate.edu/~renzo/teaching/Topology10/Notes.pdf

Renzo's Math 490. Introduction to Topology. Tom Babinec. Chris Best. Michael
Bliss. Nikolai Brendler. Eric Fu. Adriane Fung. Tyler Klein. Alex Larson.

www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/HistTopics/Topology_in_mathematics.html

Topological ideas are present in almost all areas of today's mathematics. The
subject of topology itself consists of several different branches, such as point set ...

math.psu.edu/katok_a/TOPOLOGY/Chapter1.pdf

BASIC TOPOLOGY. Topology, sometimes referred to as “the mathematics of
continuity”, or “rubber sheet geometry”, or “the theory of abstract topological
spaces” ...

mathematics.stanford.edu/research-areas/topology/

Topology studies properties of spaces that are invariant under deformations. A
special role is played by manifolds, whose properties closely resemble those of ...

math.duke.edu/research/topology

The modern field of topology draws from a diverse collection of core areas of
mathematics. Much of basic topology is most profitably described in the language
of ...

www.math.columbia.edu/research/topology/

Topology. Topology is concerned with the intrinsic properties of shapes of spaces
. One class of spaces which plays a central role in mathematics, and whose ...

dept.math.lsa.umich.edu/research/topology/

Each year the department offers two undergraduate courses and six graduate
courses in topology. The undergraduate course,. Math 490 Introduction to ...

archives.math.utk.edu/topics/topology.html

Algebraic and Geometric Topology ADD. KEYWORDS: Electronic and printed
journal. SOURCE: Geometry & Topology Publications, Mathematics Department
of ...