Annotation: This article discusses the causes and occurrence of cynicism
throughout the ranks of the police department and suggests tools which can be
used to ...
Cynicism in police officers has been studied since the 1960's (Niederhoffer, 1967
). Much of this literature has assumed that cynicism is negative and there is, ...
8-25-2005. Arthur Niederhoffer's Study on Police Cynicism. Among New York
Police Department Recruits. Anita Mignone. Pace University. Follow this and ...
This article broadly defines cynicism as a pessimistic and suspicious outlook on
the part of police officers towards their job, the public and society as a whole.
On a daily basis, Police see the worst society has to offer. They are surrounded
by negativity, death and destruction of human lives and families. This is 8 to 10 ...
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The Niederhoffer cynicism scale has been applied to many samples of police
officers. Sometimes the scale itself has been the focus of attention; other times
cynicism. Niederhoffer's theory of the evolution of police officer attitudes from
commitment to cynicism, and the adaptations thereto, has not attracted a great
Since Niederhoffer's (1969) pioneering work, police cynicism has been a staple
in research on police officers and police work, various typologies of police ...
According to police cynicism studies, present methods of policing do not meet
these self-actualising needs of a police officer (Albanese, 1999; Graves, 1996; ...