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Police Cynicism-A Cancer in Law Enforcement?

www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=76356

Annotation: This article discusses the causes and occurrence of cynicism throughout the ranks of the police department and suggests tools which can be used to ...

"Observations on Police Cynicism: Some Preliminary Findings" by ...

www.questia.com/library/journal/1G1-392177624/observations-on-police-cynicism-some-preliminary

Cynicism in police officers has been studied since the 1960's (Niederhoffer, 1967 ). Much of this literature has assumed that cynicism is negative and there is, ...

Police Cynicism | Law Enforcement Today

www.lawenforcementtoday.com/tag/police-cynicism/

Home · News · Patrol · Training · Video · Fallen · Law & Legal · Technology · Writers · Library · Law Enforcement Today Store · Home » police cynicism ...

Arthur Niederhoffer's Study on Police Cynicism Among New York ...

digitalcommons.pace.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1020&context=honorscollege_theses

8-25-2005. Arthur Niederhoffer's Study on Police Cynicism. Among New York Police Department Recruits. Anita Mignone. Pace University. Follow this and ...

What is police cynicism - Answers.com

www.answers.com/Q/What_is_police_cynicism

So even though, this is not representative of society as a whole, it is ALL Police deal with. They turn cynical due to constant stress of all stated above, plus public  ...

What Causes Police Officers to Become Cynical - The Internet ...

www.internetjournalofcriminology.com/Hobbs - What Causes Police Officers to Become Cynical.pdf

to become cynical? Is there any dislocation between themes in literature on police cynicism, and police officers in contemporary society? By Ben Hobbs. 1.

Police cynicism: What we know from the Niederhoffer scale

www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0047235287900754

May 30, 2002 ... The Niederhoffer cynicism scale has been applied to many samples of police officers. Sometimes the scale itself has been the focus of attention ...

How can police cynicism be described? - Quora

www.quora.com/How-can-police-cynicism-be-described

Speaking as a writer as well as a cop, I would recommend using words. And speaking of that, ... Police and Law Enforcement ... What do you think of cynicism ?

Comment—Have we measured the concept(s) of police cynicism ...

www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/07418828700089311

cynicism. Niederhoffer's theory of the evolution of police officer attitudes from commitment to cynicism, and the adaptations thereto, has not attracted a great deal ...

Police Cynicism: Police Survival Tool? - Aug 05, 2016

pjx.sagepub.com/content/76/4/304.refs

This article broadly defines cynicism as a pessimistic and suspicious outlook on the part of police officers towards their job, the public and society as a whole.