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Openness index - Wikipedia

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Openness_index

The Openness Index is an economic metric calculated as the ratio of country's total trade, the sum of exports plus imports, to the country's gross domestic product ...

Trade openness - Economics Online

www.economicsonline.co.uk/Global_economics/Trade_openness.html

The ratio of trade to GDP - an indicator of trade 'openness' - has increased for most trading nations, and is a result of globalisation, and trade liberalisation.

Openness to Trade | WITS | Visualization - World Bank

wits.worldbank.org/openness-to-trade-visualization.html

Explore correlation between gross domestic product (GDP) and openness to trade (trade as percentage of gdp). You can also click on individual countries and  ...

Trade (% of GDP) | Data

data.worldbank.org/indicator/NE.TRD.GNFS.ZS

Trade (% of GDP). World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files. License: Open. LineBarMap. Share Details. 1960 - 2015.

A Guide to Measures of Trade Openness and Policy - Claremont ...

www.cgu.edu/Include/spe/Conf Pol Econ Indicators 2007/A Guide To Measures of Trade Openness and Policy.pdf

Jul 31, 2007 ... To analysts and policymakers the issue of trade policy (or openness to ... between trade openness and economic growth (Edwards [1992], ...

Trade Openness Raises Economic Growth

www.nber.org/digest/nov97/w5978.html

Trade Openness Raises Economic Growth. "More open countries...have experienced faster productivity growth throughout the decades 1960 to 1990.".

Openness to trade: exports plus imports as a share of GDP ... - Gov.uk

www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/401199/openness-to-trade-exports-plus-imports-as-a-share-of-gdp-ranked-against-major-competitors.pdf

Openness to trade: exports plus imports as a share of GDP, ranked against .... This indicator enables BIS to assess the UK's openness to trade over time and.

Why openness to trade matters | World Economic Forum

weforum.org/agenda/2015/09/why-openness-to-trade-matters/

Sep 30, 2015 ... Global growth remains fragile after the 2008-2009 crisis. Trade growth is weaker than at any time in the last two decades. While protectionism ...

Openness to International Trade and Economic Growth: A Cross ...

www.economics-ejournal.org/economics/discussionpapers/2012-25/file

May 22, 2012 ... trade openness and long-run economic growth over the sample period 1960- 2000. In contrast to previous studies focusing mainly on the period ...

Trade Openness and Volatility - IMF

www.imf.org/external/pubs/cat/longres.aspx?sk=22026.0

Jun 1, 2008 ... Summary: This paper examines the mechanisms through which output volatility is related to trade openness using an industry-level panel ...