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Openness index - Wikipedia

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Openness_index

The Openness Index is an economic metric calculated as the ratio of country's total trade, the sum of exports plus imports, to the country's gross domestic product ...

Openness to Trade | WITS | Visualization - World Bank

wits.worldbank.org/openness-to-trade-visualization.html

Explore correlation between gross domestic product (GDP) and openness to trade (trade as percentage of gdp). You can also click on individual countries and  ...

Trade openness - Economics Online

www.economicsonline.co.uk/Global_economics/Trade_openness.html

The ratio of trade to GDP - an indicator of trade 'openness' - has increased for most trading nations, and is a result of globalisation, and trade liberalisation.

Why openness to trade matters | World Economic Forum

www.weforum.org/agenda/2015/09/why-openness-to-trade-matters/

Sep 30, 2015 ... Global growth remains fragile after the 2008-2009 crisis. Trade growth is weaker than at any time in the last two decades. While protectionism ...

Openness to International Trade and Economic Growth: A Cross ...

www.economics-ejournal.org/economics/discussionpapers/2012-25/file

May 22, 2012 ... trade openness and long-run economic growth over the sample period ... Ricardian-Hecksher-Ohlin trade theory points out that openness to.

Trade openness reduces growth volatility when countries are well ...

www.ecb.europa.eu/pub/pdf/scpwps/ecbwp1491.pdf

Keywords: Export diversification, growth volatility, trade openness ... total effect of trade openness on growth volatility changes from negative to positive?

The relationship between trade openness and economic growth ...

ecomod.net/system/files/openness_huchet-bourdon.pdf

and what they are interested in is to assess the impact of trade policy or trade liberalization on economic growth. For other authors however, trade openness is a ...

Trade Openness and Volatility - CREI

www.crei.cat/wp-content/uploads/users/pages/diGiovanni_Levchenko_RESTAT09.pdf

volatility is related to trade openness using an industry-level panel data set ... plot of trade openness and the volatility of GDP growth in the 1990s for a large ...

Trade Openness and Volatility - IMF

www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2008/wp08146.pdf

Trade Openness and Volatility. Prepared by Julian di Giovanni and Andrei A. Levchenko*. * We would like to thank Fernando Broner, Andre Faria, Jean Imbs,  ...

Trade Openness and Culture - West Virginia University

www.be.wvu.edu/phd_economics/pdf/09-05.pdf

This paper empirically analyzes the effect of trade openness on culture, measured by ... economists regarding the net economic benefits of trade openness.

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Trade (% of GDP) | Data

data.worldbank.org

Trade (% of GDP). World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files. License: Open. LineBarMap. Share Details. 1960 1970 1980  ...

Openness to trade: exports plus imports as a share of GDP ... - Gov.uk

www.gov.uk

Openness to trade: exports plus imports as a share of GDP, ranked against .... This indicator enables BIS to assess the UK's openness to trade over time and.

Trade Openness Raises Economic Growth

www.nber.org

Trade Openness Raises Economic Growth. "More open countries...have experienced faster productivity growth throughout the decades 1960 to 1990.".