The Openness Index is an economic metric calculated as the ratio of country's
total trade, the sum of exports plus imports, to the country's gross domestic
Trade (% of GDP). World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National
Accounts data files. License: Open. LineBarMap. Share Details. 1960 1970 1980
Openness to trade: exports plus imports as a share of GDP, ranked against ....
This indicator enables BIS to assess the UK's openness to trade over time and.
volatility is related to trade openness using an industry-level panel data set ... plot
of trade openness and the volatility of GDP growth in the 1990s for a large ...
Trade Openness and Volatility. Prepared by Julian di Giovanni and Andrei A.
Levchenko*. * We would like to thank Fernando Broner, Andre Faria, Jean Imbs,
Keywords: Export diversification, growth volatility, trade openness ... total effect of
trade openness on growth volatility changes from negative to positive?
Studies of the impact of trade openness on growth are based either on cross-
country ... Keywords: trade openness, growth, matching estimators, synthetic
May 22, 2012 ... trade openness and long-run economic growth over the sample period ... Does
openness to international trade boost economic growth in the ...
This paper empirically analyzes the effect of trade openness on culture,
measured by ... economists regarding the net economic benefits of trade
This paper demonstrates that trade liberalization does not have a simple and
straightforward relationship with growth using a large number of openness ...