Abraham is central to Judaism because he is widely regarded as the father of the Jewish nation. In addition, he is seen as the exemplar of the servant who is faithful to God in all things, and who follows all commands. Additionally, Abraham is not only the founder of the Jewish nation, but the receiver of the covenant to which all practicing Jews are bound.Know More
In a time when many people in the Near East still clung to polytheistic faith and idol worship, Abraham, then called Abram, is said to have sought a truer God. Because of Abram's pureness of heart, the Scriptures state that God called out to him, commanding him to leave his homeland behind for a new life. Abram accepted this, and took his wife Sarah with him.
In exchange for his faith and devotion, God promised to make Abram's descendants grow in great numbers, and proclaimed that they would be called God's people. From that moment forward, Abram was renamed Abraham, meaning "father of the multitude." Additionally, circumcision for infant boys was made an enduring symbol of this covenant, being first articulated in Genesis 17.
Along the remainder of their arduous journey, Abraham and Sarah encountered more tests of faith before finally settling in the promised land of Canaan, thus fulfilling God's promise. In the most serious test, God calls upon Abraham to sacrifice his only son, Isaac, to demonstrate his faith. Only at the last moment, with the knife raised above Isaac's head, does Scripture state that God calls off the sacrifice, having seen the true extent of Abraham's devotion. Because of his centrality to Jewish story and other aspects of faith, Abraham is also an enormously important figure in Judaism's sister religions, Islam and Christianity, as well.Learn more about Judaism
Judaism does not have a specific founder, but rather it has major prophets that are considered the fathers of Judaism. Some of these prophets are Moses, Abraham and Noah.Full Answer >
The three main principles of faith in Judaism are belief in a single, incorporeal and eternal god who created the entire universe; a set of moral principles that require people to treat one another with dignity and love, and ensure justice and equality; and the worship of a single god in prayer, study and adherence to the commandments set out in the Torah. The religion has 13 basic principles.Full Answer >
There are a number of differences between Judaism and other religions, but some of the most notable are the fact that Judaism, while holding a belief in the existence of one God, dictates that Jesus was a false prophet and that the Son of God has yet to come to Earth, as well as denying that Jesus was resurrected. Judaism also has many differing ideas of the afterlife, with some forms of Judaism believing that there is no afterlife.Full Answer >
As a whole, Judaism does not have a single leader, but instead, each congregation is led by a rabbi and each branch of Judaism has a leadership council. Some countries have chief rabbis that oversee other rabbis.Full Answer >