Adam Smith was important because he wrote "The Wealth of Nations," which is a bible of capitalism, and he also achieved the firm comprehensive system of political economy. He was born in Scotland and was a known philosopher and political economist. He studied moral philosophy at Glasgow University. Smith first published a volume called "An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations."Know More
During his time, a country's wealth was estimated by the amount of gold and silver it owned. Smith proposed that the nation's wealth should not be measured through this metric, but through its total production and commerce, which today is known as gross national product. He also talked about the concept of division of labor, which would help to increase production through specialization.
Smith believed that free market economies are productive and helpful to the society. He said that if people were set free to work by themselves, it would lead to economic property and growth to all. He earned a stable reputation after writing "The Wealth of Nations," which is one of the most influential books ever written. Smith was named the rector of Glasgow University in 1787. He died 3 years later.Learn more about Economics
The difference between modern neoliberalism and liberalism is that neoliberalism advocates an idealized "hands-off" free-market system while modern economic liberalism calls for government regulation to control the excesses of free-market capitalism. Modern liberalism, or the "Keynesian school" of economics, named for its main proponent John Maynard Keynes and differing from classical liberalism, developed in the aftermath of the 1930s failure of the free-market system known as the Great Depression. Neoliberalism, sometimes referred to as the "Chicago school" of economics and named after the University of Chicago, rose to prominence in response to the breakdown of the international money system and the fiscal contradictions viewed as inherent in the welfare system.Full Answer >
A private enterprise system is the foundation of free market capitalism; it involves open markets and competition and is led by private individuals seeking profit. In private enterprise, the government and its agencies do not control businesses or profitability.Full Answer >
Wealth creation refers to the amassing of assets and property that is a surplus to the requirement for survival. This surplus, or wealth, may be used to amass an even greater surplus to the requirement via the further acquisition of resources and means of production.Full Answer >
Investopedia explains that the origin of economic thought lies with a man named Adam Smith who was heavily influenced by French writers and philosophers. Smith developed the discipline of economics as an alternative to French mercantilism, which was an easily exploited system that benefited the wealthy at the expense of the common classes. Other important economic thinkers include Karl Marx, Milton Friedman and John Maynard Keynes.Full Answer >