The advantages of totalitarian style governments are, arguably, limited to the government, while the disadvantages, which include dramatically restricted or all but nonexistent freedoms and basic rights, are limited to the citizenry. Totalitarian regimes exercise tight control over their citizens, implementing strict laws not only for public life but for private life as well; these laws and the power of the totalitarian state are most typically supported by a combination of propaganda and military or police intimidation and surveillance. It can be argued that it is easy to govern under these conditions because voting and other exercises of a citizen's freedom are not an impediment to governance.
Under a textbook perfect totalitarian regime, the government will exercise total control over all aspects of society, from laws, police and other state functions to the morality, religion and other aspects of citizens' private lives. Totalitarian governments can exist on any end of the political spectrum, from totalitarian Communist regimes such as those that existed in Russia under Joseph Stalin and China under Mao Zedong, or the fascist government that existed in Germany under Nazi (National Socialist) power or in Italy under Benito Mussolini. Therefore, totalitarianism is characterized more by the amount of power a government exerts rather than the form that government takes.Learn More
Moral behavior is extremely subjective, but it is generally represented by an individual's knowledge of social and cultural norms and the capacity to perform good works through selfless actions. Some moral behaviors may include honesty, giving to charity and avoiding negative situations.Full Answer >
An ethical obligation is something that someone is required or compelled to do based on a predetermined set of standards of what is right and wrong. For example, doctors have an ethical obligation to do no harm while diagnosing and treating patients.Full Answer >
Teleological and deontological approaches to topics vary by their focus, with teleological approaches based on intended end effects and deontological approaches based on adherence to set rules. These terms are most often found together in the study of ethics. Teleological ethics are also often referred to as consequentialism.Full Answer >
Humanism started in 1400 as a way to attach importance to humans rather than to a divine being. According to the American Humanist Association, Humanists believe that even without religion or other supernatural beliefs, humans would have the drive and responsibility to live lives that aspire to the greater good of society.Full Answer >