Old age has historically been measured by chronological age. However, this metric does not take into account improvements in life expectancy and health, says Futurity. In 1800, a European male had only a 25 percent chance of reaching the age of 60, whereas 90 percent of contemporary European men do.Know More
Old age is perceived differently as people age themselves, says Forbes magazine. As the current generation grows older, they adjust their definition of "old" upward. Women, who have a greater life expectancy than men, are less apt to call a 63-year-old person old. A Marist College poll shows that the age someone considers old rises correspondingly with the age of the survey participant.
The definition of old age is important because of the increasing number of people in developed countries who may or should be eligible for retirement benefits. By 2050, 22 percent of the world's population will be over 60, and the number of people 80 years and older will quadruple according to the World Health Organization.
Low and middle-income nations, such as Brazil and China, will experience the fastest rate of demographic change. Even in less-developed countries, more people die of lifestyle-related factors, such as heart disease, cancer and diabetes, than from communicable disease. The rate of aging and gradual decline depends on diet, exercise and exposure to health risks, such as tobacco or alcohol, says the World Health Organization.Learn more about Population & Demography
A population pyramid represents the proportions of different age groups in a given population as two bar graphs arranged side by side; conventionally, the left bar graph represents males, and the right one represents females. Each bar's length represents the proportion of the population that falls within a demographic.Full Answer >
Supporters argue that raising the driving age will cause a reduction in automobile accidents, while opponents argue that doing so will simply create older drivers who are just as inexperienced. Critics of an increased driving age call for a more developed driver?s education curriculum.Full Answer >
The term "generation gap" refers to differing values, communication styles and interests between two distinct age groups, often between parents and their children. Social scientists coined the term to express the rift between young Baby Boomers and Depression-era older adults that sprang up during the 1960s in Western culture.Full Answer >
The three most frequently studied demographic variables in the U.S. consumer market are age, gender and income level. Other variables that are frequently considered include education level, consumer occupation, family life cycle, social class, race and ethnicity. Demographic variables are associated with consumer needs and buying patterns.Full Answer >