There are a number of arguments against utilitarianism; many of these take issue with utilitarianism's seeming lack of concern with the principles of justice, promises and personal loyalty. Other criticisms focus on utilitarianism's apparent impracticality. Still, some detractors take issue with utilitarianism's tendency to lead one to distasteful moral decisions.Know More
One common argument against utilitarianism is that it does not assign inherent moral significance of justice. Utilitarianism is concerned with producing the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest number of persons. There are situations when just actions contribute to optimum happiness. However, it is also conceivable that in certain situations, a person or group of people are happier by doing that which is unjust. In such a case, utilitarianism seems to favor happiness over justice.
Another common argument against utilitarianism is that it is seemingly impractical as a governing philosophy for the general body of mankind. This is because utilitarianism is chiefly concerned with happiness, or pleasure. The problem is that human beings are extremely variable; individuals have their own conceptions of the pleasurable. Thus, creating a universal way of measuring happiness is problematic.
One of the biggest issues detractors have with utilitarianism is its basic premise that pleasure and utility are the determinants of worth. In Classical philosophy, things like virtue, knowledge, wisdom and temperance are good in and of themselves. In utilitarianism, they are only good if they have a demonstrable utility; otherwise, they may be discarded.Learn more about Ethics
A code of ethics is necessary because it allows individuals to know what is expected of them as acceptable behavior. It provides guidelines on making decisions that are in line with the goals of the organization.Full Answer >
According to Everyday Health, one example of an ethical dilemma manifested itself during a 2013 survey of doctors. This study showed that 97 percent of doctors regularly prescribed placebos to their patients, procedures or medicines the doctor knew would not have an effect, but might psychologically reassure the patient.Full Answer >
The study of ethics allows for a systematized appraisal of the value of human actions and affections. Ethics seeks to discern what is the best course of action in any given situation. Its practical importance rests in its ability to create a standard to which people can hold one another.Full Answer >
Ethical behavior is acting in a manner that is in tandem with what society considers to be good morals. Ethical behaviors are important because they guide people’s actions. Examples of ethical behavior include integrity, fairness, honesty and dignity.Full Answer >