Australia is famous for the Sydney Opera House, the Harbour Bridge, kangaroos, koalas, the Outback, the Great Barrier Reef, its convict colony history, Shiraz and Uluru. Australia is an island located in the Pacific and Indian oceans. The island is both a country and a continent.Know More
As of 2014, Australia's population is approximately 20,351,000, with most of the population living on the southeast coast. The capital is Canberra; however, the city of Sydney is the location of some of Australia's iconic landmarks, including the Sydney Opera house and Harbour Bridge.
Rural desert areas known as the Outback are found in the Kimberley Region of Western Australia and Arnhem Land in the Northern Territory. The world's largest rock, Uluru, is also found in the Northern Territory. Australia is home to about 130 species of marsupials, such as wombats, koalas and kangaroos, which live in the Outback and rainforests of the country.
The Great Barrier Reef is located on the coast of Queensland. This reef is the world's largest single structure comprised of living organisms. Australia also has several wine-making regions, such as Hunter Valley. Shiraz is the country's most popular wine, and was brought to Australia in 1832 by James Busby.
The country was founded as a British convict colony in 1788. Its history can still be seen in in several sites, such as the Port Arthur convict settlement in Tanzania.Learn more about Cultures & Traditions
The Great Barrier Reef rests in the Coral Sea off the coast of Queensland, Australia. Roughly the size of Germany, Italy, Japan and Malaysia, the expansive reef stretches at least 1,400 miles and contains more than 900 islands.Full Answer >
The Great Barrier Reef formed from a long and slow process involving the accumulation of organic materials, such as stone, plants and animals and shells of dead corals. The Great Barrier Reef started forming approximately 20 million years ago. Dead shells from coral, along with remains from algae, anemones, fish, worms, crustaceans, snails, turtles and snakes accumulated and gave shape to the Great Barrier Reef as well.Full Answer >
The Great Barrier Reef is important for many reasons. It protects coastlines from the damaging effects of tropical storms and waves, assists in carbon and nitrogen fixing, helps with nutrient recycling, and provides a habitat for a variety of marine organisms, according to Queensland Museum.Full Answer >
Clownfish, also called anemonefish, live in the warm waters of the Pacific and Indian Oceans, the Red Sea and the Great Barrier Reef. These fish have a symbiotic relationship with anemones, which are slow-moving invertebrate animals that look like flowering plants. Clownfish never venture far from their anemone partners.Full Answer >