In his book, "The Prince," Niccolo Machiavelli argues that it is ultimately better to be feared than loved as a leader, although he notes that being loved and feared at the same time would be ideal, albeit unlikely. His argument is based on a view of people as essentially self-serving. If they see an opportunity to further their own interests, even at the expense of loyalty or love, only fear of repercussions will hold them back.Know More
Many economists agree with Machiavelli's assessment, observing that the most powerful factor in motivating people is the fear of loss, a phenomenon referred to as "loss aversion." Economist John List suggests that employers use people's loss aversion to their advantage by issuing bonuses to employees with a warning that they will be taken back if targets are not met.
The question of whether it is better to be loved or feared as a leader is also relevant in the context of education. In former times, it was common for teachers to invoke obedience from their students by hitting them. Nowadays, it is understood that fear-based discipline, such as this stifles creativity and learning.
If creativity is a desirable trait among students or employees, then fear is not likely to be an effective tool in motivation.Learn more about Psychology
The two primary reasons why people bite the inside of their cheeks are casual bites that accidentally go the wrong way, as when one is trying to talk and eat at the same time, and a more chronic biting that comes from poorly aligned teeth, either as a result of temporomandibular joint disorder or some other dental disorder. Poorly aligned teeth cause bites to go in the wrong direction and often result in biting not only the cheek, but also the lips and tongue. The nervous responses that some people have are the third reason.Full Answer >
Al Jazeera describes Muammar Gaddafi as an autocratic ruler, and he was known as a dictator who suppressed those who opposed his reign. He first came to power in 1969, and he ruled for over 40 years in Libya.Full Answer >
Distinguishing traits of a good leader include honesty, conscientiousness, decisiveness, openness and ability to delegate. Other characteristics of a good leader include sense of humor, confidence, commitment, positive attitude and competence. Leaders are also courageous, progressive, imaginative, persuasive and practical.Full Answer >
Research is better than common sense because common sense is often reliant on relatively narrow and simple assumptions that are sometimes wrong. Research on the other hand is built around theories, which are constantly revised, tested and checked to ensure that they keep with proven facts.Full Answer >