Descartes' works include "Musicae Compendium," "The World," "Man," "Dioptrics," "The Meteors," "Geometry," "Discourse on the Method," "The Meditations," "Principles of Philosophy," "The Search for Truth," "The Description of the Human Body" and "Passions of the Soul." Some were published posthumously as were some essays and letters that were lesser known.Know More
Descartes was a French scholar, mathematician and philosopher who lived from 1596 to 1650. He is credited as the father of modern Western philosophy, analytic geometry and the Cartesian coordinate system (named for the Latin translation of Descartes' name). He also played a key role in the scientific revolution of Europe that subsequently lead to the social movement of the Enlightenment era.
The quote "I think therefore I am," remains the hallmark of Descartes' philosophy. It appeared for the first time in "Discourse on the Method," but was also referenced in later works. Descartes posited that because man can err in reasoning or be mislead by his senses, he must strip away all he believed was real and view it as merely an illusion. Inferring, however, that there is a being, a man who is capable of perceiving or pondering himself and his environment at all was undeniable proof that he, at the very least, existed. This proof became a pillar for many of Descartes' later arguments.Learn more about Philosophy
According to Wichita State University, Rene Descartes invented the Cartesian Plane, which is a theory of using ordered pairs to determine a specific point. This theory, explained in "La Geometrie," led to the invention of analytical geometry in which algebra is applied to geometry.Full Answer >
Rene Descartes, widely regarded as the father of modern philosophy, broke with the Aristotelian tradition, helping establish modern rationalism. He argued for a mechanistic universe in opposition to Aristotle's views on causality. He also made important contributions to mathematics and physics.Full Answer >
When writing a teaching philosophy, writers should provide a one to two-page document that details the reasons why they have chosen teaching as a profession with information about what they teach. The teaching philosophy should also include how they teach and how effectiveness is measured.Full Answer >
Voltaire wrote "Candide" as a satire of the then-prevalent philosophical optimism advanced by Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz. Voltaire, moved by contemporary events like the Seven Years' War and the 1755 Lisbon earthquake, felt that optimism was a naive way of viewing the world.Full Answer >