Catastrophism and uniformitarianism are two schools of thought on the history of evolution, though uniformitarianism is the only view that has sound scientific evidence to support it. Catastrophism is the idea that quick, large-scale, catastrophic events created the universe, while uniformitarianism is the idea that the universe was created slowly through natural laws.Know More
Catastrophism was first theorized by Buffon and Joseph Fourier. Both men believed that the Earth was first a hot ball of molten rock that cooled throughout time. These men believed that as the planet cooled, there were volcanic eruptions and other upheavals.
Geologist Charles Lyell challenged the catastrophism theory in 1830 when he theorized that there had been gradual changes over time, which he theorized based on the ideas by James Hutton, a Scottish farmer. Hutton and Lyell believed in uniformitarianism, which suggested slow changes to the Earth, such as rain leading to erosion that would then in turn lead to mountains.
Lyell and Hutton also believed that the processes that alter the Earth are the same throughout time and do not change. This theory of uniformitarianism helped Darwin to discover and interpret the history of the Canary Islands. Darwin applied the uniformitarianism theories to the volcanic rock on the island. The geology studies on plate tectonics have also provided evidence for uniformitarianism.Learn more about Philosophy
In 2013, the Auburn Tigers football team lost to just two schools. The team lost its first game of the year to the LSU Tigers. The school didn't lose another game until the FBS National Championship game, when it was defeated by Florida State.Full Answer >
There are no fewer than two schools for the teaching and learning of the art of magic. Witch School International is a web-based education in witchery. The College of Magic, based in Cape Town, South Africa, is a non-profit brick-and-mortar institution dedicated to the education of magic.Full Answer >
Socrates was accused of impiety and corrupting the youth of Athens. These charges were due to his philosophical questions and teachings. He was found guilty and was sentenced to death by drinking hemlock.Full Answer >
An accurate timeline of when Aristotle made certain discoveries is not available. He began his training in philosophy in 367 B.C. and stayed in Plato's academy until around 347 B.C. It was during this time that he showed an interest in medicine, science and metaphysics.Full Answer >