Catastrophism and uniformitarianism are two schools of thought on the history of evolution, though uniformitarianism is the only view that has sound scientific evidence to support it. Catastrophism is the idea that quick, large-scale, catastrophic events created the universe, while uniformitarianism is the idea that the universe was created slowly through natural laws.Know More
Catastrophism was first theorized by Buffon and Joseph Fourier. Both men believed that the Earth was first a hot ball of molten rock that cooled throughout time. These men believed that as the planet cooled, there were volcanic eruptions and other upheavals.
Geologist Charles Lyell challenged the catastrophism theory in 1830 when he theorized that there had been gradual changes over time, which he theorized based on the ideas by James Hutton, a Scottish farmer. Hutton and Lyell believed in uniformitarianism, which suggested slow changes to the Earth, such as rain leading to erosion that would then in turn lead to mountains.
Lyell and Hutton also believed that the processes that alter the Earth are the same throughout time and do not change. This theory of uniformitarianism helped Darwin to discover and interpret the history of the Canary Islands. Darwin applied the uniformitarianism theories to the volcanic rock on the island. The geology studies on plate tectonics have also provided evidence for uniformitarianism.Learn more in Philosophy
A good time to quit doing something is when the time and effort devoted to the task no longer produces any tangible benefits. Quitting is also acceptable when a better method replaces an existing one. There are also times when an individual must quit to escape unpleasantness.Full Answer >
The purpose of teamwork is to help increase productivity, quality and to provide a support system for each member of the team. When people work together, they are able to get feedback on their work and help when they need it. Teamwork is helpful for completing certain projects at home, school or work.Full Answer >
World Religions reports that, although Confucianism has no universal symbol, the ideogram for water is frequently associated with the religion. The water symbol is thought to represent the source of life, a central idea throughout Chinese philosophy.Full Answer >
The Drake Equation was developed by Frank Drake in 1961 as a way of determining the number of technologically advanced galaxies in the galaxy. The equation takes into account seven variables to develop a formula to quantify the odds of finding intelligent extraterrestrial life.Full Answer >