There is no such thing as the Catholic Reformation, although there was a Protestant Reformation in 16th century Europe. This Reformation came out of the Christian practitioners frustration with the Catholic faith.Know More
These reformers believed that the Catholic Church was not paying attention to the doctrine in the Bible and was spending too much time creating beliefs that did not align with the Bible. They also were upset with the way that the leaders were chosen in the Catholic Church. They found that the Church was focused on keeping political power and religious power in a few hands rather than distributing power to the people of the Church.
The main reformers in the Protestant Reformation were Martin Luther, Henry VIII and John Calvin. Martin Luther is considered the prominent man behind the Reformation because he wrote "95 Theses" in 1517, which spoke to his ideas that the Bible should be the tool used to determine religious rules and not tradition. His "95 Theses" were what sparked the debate and led to the Reformation. Luther was also clever enough to think to use the printing press in order to reach a wide audience of Christians. Luther started his own church known as Lutheranism and was excommunicated from the Catholic Church.Learn more about Christianity
Disdain and mistrust of the Catholic Church was the major cause for the Protestant Reformation. Reformers particularly decried the selling of indulgences and offering of forgiveness for sins in exchange for money; the practice of selling religious positions in the church was also frowned upon by those who sought to reform the church.Full Answer >
In the years leading up to the Reformation, the Catholic church was suffering from corruption, clergymen were acquiring a lot of money while citizens remained poor and monasteries were beginning to decline. The first person to challenge the Church's authority was Martin Luther in Germany, and his cause was seized upon by leaders throughout Europe for differing reasons.Full Answer >
The main goal of the Catholic Reformation was to counter Protestantism that was emerging at that time. Catholics, such as Luther and Erasmus, demanded reforms within the church as a result of faults within its leadership.Full Answer >
The Ninety-five Theses, written by Martin Luther in 1517, are considered by historians and theologians as the beginning of the Protestant Reformation. The theological debate they began is the beginning of Lutheran, Anabaptist and Reformed theology within the Christian religion. As an expression of his displeasure with the church, Luther nailed this document to the door of Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany.Full Answer >