Famine, a severe shortage of food affecting a large number of people, can be the result of either man-made or natural causes. Natural causes include droughts, plant disease, insect plagues, floods and earthquakes. The human causes include poverty, war, deliberate crop destruction and the inefficient distribution of food.Know More
Almost every continent has experienced famine during some time in history, with North and South America remaining relatively of widespread famines. The European continent has only suffered famines occasionally, but starvation caused by World War II resulted in the deaths of hundreds of thousands or people. The majority of researchers list about 400 famines that have occurred during recorded history. The most severe famines have been attributed to drought, conflict and misguided economic policies.
Considered the largest famine in history, Mao Zedong's 1958-1961 ill-fated attempt to transform China into an industrial nation resulted in starvation deaths estimated to be between 18 to 42 million people. Known as "The Great Leap Forward," it required peasants to abandon their farmlands and instead work on collective farms or foundries to produce steel. China has not experienced a famine of this magnitude since the agricultural collectivist policies were reversed.
The major famines of the late 20th century have taken place in Africa, with the most recent and severe cases being the result of war or civil unrest. Overall deaths caused by famine during the 20th century have been estimated to be about 70 million.Learn more about Social Sciences
Prejudice could result in a part of the population being virtually disenfranchised, or poorly represented in certain industries. For example, gender bias may be to blame for the lack of women in the technology industry when compared with men; in 2014, Yahoo reported that its workforce consisted of only 37 percent women, and Google reported it had 30 percent women. Such bias is attributable to ingrained beliefs about women's abilities in computer science, according to Andrea Rees Davies, associate director of the Clayman Institute for Gender Research at Stanford University.Full Answer >
An example of a latent dysfunction is an action or a behavior that produces an unintended negative effect, such as the loss of retirement funds by thousands of employees as a result of the Enron collapse or, as another example, the inability of employees to commute to work because of transportation disruptions caused by a festival. Both are examples of unexpected and unintended results, also referred to as latent consequences, from an action that, because of its unforeseen negative outcome, can be termed a latent dysfunction. An effort made to improve a situation that instead results in a worsened state is a latent dysfunction.Full Answer >
Following instructions is important because, in many instances, if the instructions are not followed, then the desired result or goal cannot be achieved. There are numerous instances that can be given to exemplify this, like the presence of laws, the rules to an academic exam or the steps written out in a cooking recipe.Full Answer >
Learned traits are behaviors that result from the influence of one's environment, as opposed to inherent traits, which are passed down automatically in one's DNA. A common learned trait is the use of language. People develop this trait over time by observing others communicating and learning structure and terms.Full Answer >