Poverty, a lack of investment in agriculture, natural disasters, conflict, displacement and rising global food prices are some of the causes of food shortages. Hunger crises develop when people face food shortages for prolonged periods without intervention by governments and aid agencies.Know More
Poor people cannot afford to buy or grow food, and impoverished farmers cannot produce large harvests because they cannot afford fertilizers and irrigation systems. In developing countries, lack of investment in agriculture and infrastructure leads to high transport costs, an unreliable supply of water and a shortage of storage facilities. Natural disasters, such as droughts, floods and earthquakes, affect food production. Subsistence farmers typically have greater difficulty recovering than commercial farmers.
War interrupts farming activities, and consequent displacement separates people from their usual sources of food. In some conflict areas, warring factions steal food aid and block commercial food deliveries. The steady rise in global food prices also hampers people's ability to feed their families. Some governments provide food subsidies or limit exports to keep food affordable.
Food crises typically occur when some of these causes of hunger combine to produce serious emergencies. The Ethiopian famine of the 1980s, which resulted in the deaths of thousands of people, was triggered by a catastrophic drought coupled with conflict.Learn more about Social Sciences
In 2015, the main causes of poverty in Ethiopia are natural disasters and poorly developed agricultural practices. Other causes of poverty in the country are unstable global markets, the spread of HIV/AIDS and malaria, lack of basic infrastructure, and lack of participation in awareness programs and policy-making processes.Full Answer >
Water shortages occur whenever the use of fresh water outstrips the supply from precipitation and the water cycle. While wasted water re-enters the water cycle and is eventually available again for re-use, the time necessary for water to pass into the water table and replenish aquifers means that overuse can temporarily drain these important water sources. Dry weather can also cause shortages due to a lack of replenishing precipitation.Full Answer >
Food insecurity is a condition that occurs when there is a lack of access to safe and nutritious food, preventing people from living healthy and active lives. It can occur when people do not have physical or economic access to the food that meets their preferences and dietary needs.Full Answer >
The Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program (SNAP), also known as food stamps, helps people with low income buy healthy food. The U.S. Department of Agriculture Food and Nutrition Service oversees the program, and each state administers benefits through local offices.Full Answer >